By Balogun Alabi
The United State food and Drug Administration (FDA), has approved the first digital pill called ‘Abilify Mycite’, aimed to monitor and track patients taking their medication properly.
It was learnt that, the digital pill offers doctors an objective way to measure if patients are swallowing their pills on schedule, opening up a new avenue for monitoring medicine compliance that could be applied in other therapeutic areas.
The pill is a version of abilify drug for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression, containing a tracking device developed by Proteus Digital Health.
In this regard, a representatives of the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Mitchell Mathis, said that being able to track ingestion of medicines prescribed for mental illness may be useful for some patients, although the ability of the digital pill to improve patient compliance had not been proved.
“FDA is committed to working with companies in understanding how technology might benefit patients and prescribers. The system works by sending a message from the pill’s sensor to a wearable patch, which then transmits the information to a mobile application so that patients can track the ingestion of the medication on their smartphone.”
FDA noted that the sensor has no battery or antenna and is activated immediately it gets wet by stomach juices which often lead to a completes circuit between coatings of copper and magnesium on either side, generating a tiny electric charge.
“In the longer term, such digital pills could also be used to manage patients with other complicated medicine routines, such as those suffering from diabetes or heart conditions. Poor compliance with drug regimens is a common problem in many disease areas, especially when patients suffer from chronic conditions.”
She stressed further that, Proteus digital health (a digital medicine service) has been working on the pill tracking system for many years and the sensor used in Abilify MyCite was first cleared for use by the FDA in 2012.
“The unlisted Californian company has attracted investments from several large healthcare companies, including Novartis AG, Medtronic Inc and St. Jude Medical Inc, as well as Otsuka.
“Abilify MyCite is not approved to treat patients with dementia-related psychosis and contains a boxed warning alerting health care professionals that elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death.”