Lagos to walk against scourge, other diseases

By NewsDesk,

The Lagos State Government has disclosed that plan had been concluded to stage a 1000-man walk against scourge and raise awareness on its inherent danger especially among youths.

It said that the walk was to prove that the administration was leaving no stone upturned in its effort to dissuade youths who are prime victims of the practice.

The Commissioner for Youth and Social Development, Agboola Dabiri, stated that the walk was necessary to prove health programs of the state and that campaign would adopt a tripod approach including events, engagements with stakeholders and awareness campaign, adding that it would be flagged off by a 1000 man symbolic walk against drug abuse in the State.

Speaking before journalists on Tuesday ahead of launch of a rigorous and renewed campaign under the acronym, Lagos State Kicks against Drug Abuse (LASKADA), Dabiri said that the walk, slate for June 21, would kicked off from Ikeja Bus Stop- under the bridge and would terminate at the Blue Roof, LTV, Agidingbi, where the official launch of LASKADA would take place.

He said participants at the walk will include students, members of voluntary organizations, sports men and women, members of Nongovernmental organisations, local government and youth representatives, local youth council representatives, faith based organisations, government functionaries, among others.

“What we want to do on Thursday is to launch this campaign and show that we are ready for war against all forms of drug abuse. Once we launch out, we are going to have series of activities on various platforms and we will employ every avenue to ensure that the campaign gets to the nook and cranny in the State,” he said.

Dabiri added that the campaign will also involve a stakeholders’ sensitization session to deliberate on the menace and proffer likely intervention to tackle the issue holistically.

“The stakeholders will include parents, youths, professional bodies include Pharmacists, NDLEA, psychiatrists, traditional medicine board, patent medicine sellers, NURTW, Tricycle and okada riders unions and a communiqué will be issued at the end of the session.

He said the campaign train will also move to primary, secondary and higher institutions as well as to the communities adding that it would be implemented in collaboration with the Lagos State Youth Ambassadors, Lagos State Youth Parliament and NGOs in their immediate community.

Besides, the Commissioner said that mosque, churches and faith based organization will be implored to dedicate a day to enlighten worshippers on drug abuse and canvass support for the fight against the menace.

“The youth group is the largest population in Nigeria, particularly in Lagos State and this segment is considered the most vulnerable group as far as drug and alcohol issues are concerned. Thus, their health and optimal development is critical to national development agenda and deserves significant attention. Drug abuse is real and we should not fold our arms and watch the scourge continue, partner with us and lets all say “No to Drug Abuse”, Dabiri said.

In a related development, Wife of Lagos State Governor, Mrs Bolanle Ambode said women must use their strategic position as builders of the home-front to adequately fortify their children and wards with right virtuous to stem the tide of rape and teenage pregnancy in the society.

On her part, the State Governor’ wife, Bolanle Ambode, said that women have the responsibility to bring up their children in most decent ways and be good examples to them.

According to her, “We as women have a great role to play in combating the social evils of rape and teenage pregnancy. Our natural role as mothers and coordinators of the family unit, imposes responsibilities on us, to bring up the boy and the girl child in the most decent way, to stem the tide of rape and teenage pregnancy in our society.”

She indicated that young girls who suffer abuse and become pregnant stand the risk of medical complications, stressing however that conscious effort must be made in their upbringing to achieve the desired results including early enrolment in school, sound moral lessons and exposure to the ways and things of God.

Besides, Mrs Ambode expressed concern over the disturbing trend of domestic violence against women which sometimes result in deaths, saying it was time for women to come together and jointly speak out against the menace.

“By publicly speaking out against domestic violence, together we can challenge attitudes that breed violence in the homes and everywhere. We must insist that domestic violence is a social crimes and not acceptable in our society. That is why we have brought seasoned speakers, to talk to us on issues of social menace, and our expected roles as mothers and home builders.

In her keynote address, Lagos State Deputy Governor, Mrs Idiat Adebule commended the wife of the Governor for the initiative to gather women together for the purpose of enhancing their welfare and health, saying the strategic importance of women in the society could not be overemphasized.

She said women should no longer be stereotyped into silence but rather become vocal advocates for improved health delivery system and social justice, adding that the womenfolk also have the responsibility of investing and increasing access of more girls and women to good health, quality education, and as well ensuring that laws respect and ensure the rights of women are enforced.

The Deputy Governor, who is also overseeing the Ministry of Education, said as part of efforts to protect the future of girls who are abused, the State Government recently established a special school for people in such category to have another opportunity to be educated.

“We have equally established the alternative school for the girls who, in the course of their lifetime, get pregnant and could not continue their education. Our government has provided that particular school for them to have a second chance in life,” Adebule said.

Blood donation can improve body fitness, lower calories-Medical expert

By NewsDesk, 

The Blood Safety Programme Manager, Institute of Human Virology, Nigerians (IHVN), Abdullahi Abubakar, has disclosed regular blood donation improves body fitness and lowers calories.

Abubakar explained at a blood donation drive in Abuja on Tuesday to mark World Blood Donor Day that donating one pint of blood (450 ml) removes 650 calories from the donor’s body.

Abubakar said the theme for the celebration, ”blood donation as an action of solidarity”, had the slogan ”Be there for someone else.”

He said that transfusion of blood helps save millions of lives every year and put a natural smile on the face of blood receiver.

According to him, blood donation can help patients suffering from life-threatening health conditions to live longer with higher quality of life.

He also said that blood donation had an essential life-saving role in maternal and child care and during emergency response to man-made and natural disasters.

Abubakar said that blood donation enhanced the production of new blood cells, adding: “When blood is withdrawn, the donor’s body immediately begins to replenish the lost blood within 24 hours of donation.

“All of the red blood cells the donor loses during donation are completely replaced within one month to two months.”

He added that the best way to ensure adequate safe blood supply for an effective health system was through regular donations by voluntary and unpaid blood donors.

Fawehinmi Akindele, Safety and Security Officer, IHVN, said that there was no pain in donating blood rather there was more gain.

”I have been donating blood for 22 years now and I don’t regret it, I donate every three months and am glad my blood has been saving lives.

”I used to suffer high blood pressure but I realised that each time I donate blood, my blood pressure reduces to normal, so donating blood reduces my blood pressure tremendously,” he said.

Akindele called on Nigerians to use this opportunity to donate blood as no one knew whose life the blood would save.

Another donor, Ezeibe Ikechukwu, said that he had peace each time he donated blood.

Ikechukwu said that blood was sacred and using it to safe life was priceless.

”I will do this over and over again because the purpose is to help someone who is dying,” he said.

The Donor Care Manager, National Blood Transfusion Service, Jane Akubuiro, urged Nigerians with no health challenge to come out and donate blood to save lives.

U.S. based group to construct dialysis centres in Nigeria

By News Desk

A U.S.-based Nigerian foundation, Handover Heals Foundation, said it planned to establish state-of-the-art dialysis centres in Anambra and other states in Nigeria.

President and Chief Executive Officer of the foundation, Ukay Chima-Jorji, said at the foundation’s 2018 Award and Gala Night in New Jersey, that chronic kidney disease was assuming frightening epidemic proportions in Nigeria.

According to the Nigerian Association of Nephrology, advanced kidney failure accounts for about 10 per cent of all medical admissions in Nigeria.

Similarly, small scale community studies have shown that the prevalence of kidney failure ranges from 12 to 30 per cent in the adult population.

Chima-Jorji said that the rising incidences and the deplorable state of renal care had not received the required attention and was not considered a priority area covered by the healthcare policy.

She said it was troubling that majority of the chronic kidney disease patients were young people between the ages of 25 and 40 years – the most productive years of their lives.

The Nigerian, who was a recipient of former U.S. President Barack Obama’s Volunteer Service Award in 2012, said: “Kidney transplantation is the gold standard in the treatment of End-Stage Kidney Disease.

“But in the absence of health insurance plans with wide coverage, less than one per cent of affected patients in Nigeria are able to afford it.

“Unlike in many developed countries where either government or insurance companies are largely responsible for funding renal care, the cost is wholly borne by individuals in Nigeria.

“Dialysis consumables are very expensive and beyond the reach of most Nigerians.

“In the absence of intervention, mortality from terminal kidney failure is almost 100 per cent within three months of diagnosis.”

According to her, the vast majority of patients, who start haemodialysis in Nigeria, stop treatment and die within the first three months of commencement because of financial constraints.

She expressed regret that while less than one in 50 people in Nigeria, who needed dialysis actually received it due to lack of facilities and resources, those with the means embarked on medical trips abroad.

“Our presence here today is a testament to our shared commitment to improving the lives of the poor and vulnerable in the society, who suffer silently, unheard and unseen by the rest of the society.

“We believe we can synergistically align our organisational strengths with you all to expand our philanthropic reach in combating this deadly disease that is engulfing our country.”

According to her, the immediate goal is to provide support services to poor and underprivileged patients of the haemodialysis centres in about 50 health clinics and hospitals in about 10 different states

She said between the next six months to one year, the foundation aims to provide drugs and consumables to poor and needy patients thereby reducing the incidence of early mortality of the patients in end-stage kidney disease.

Chima-Jorji said the foundation would collaborate with state governments and other organisations and individuals to establish high quality dialysis centres in order to better serve the underprivileged groups.

Member, U.S. House of Representatives, Christopher Smith, in his message, commended Chima-Jorji for promoting awareness of renal disease and the proposed dialysis centre in Anambra to serve as a pilot for dialysis and quick intervention for kidney disease.

Smith, who is House Subcommittee Chairman on Africa and Global Health, pledged support for the foundation adding, that the project could become a model to be replicated beyond Nigeria.

Another member of Congress, Sheila Lee, commended Chima-Jorji for making a difference in the lives of people with disabilities, the disadvantaged, women, children and the elderly.

Dr Iwuzo Obilo, a U.S.-based philanthropic Nigerian medical doctor, was presented with Impact Award for his impacts on the Nigerian community in the U.S., while Pastor Adeniyi Aina bagged the Less Privileged Award.

Others awarded were Dr Samuel Adeyeni, President, Nigerian Faith-based Association, New Jersey; Polycarp Ubah and Ms Claudia Mastrabasqua, Vice President of the Auxiliary Foundation at JFK Hospital, New Jersey.

NAFDAC clears 6,000 applications in 6mths

By News Desk

The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) disclosed that it cleared backlogs of 6,000 applications for registration of products within six months.

The NAFDAC Director-General, Prof. Moji Adeyeye, revealed this while speaking on her achievements in the last six months, in Abuja on Sunday.

Adeyeye, who took over as substantive director general of NAFDAC in November, 2017, said the applications are mostly from water and food companies.

“During my advocacy visit to stakeholders, I was questioned by our clients on the delay in registration of their products.

“Some of them told me that their applications had been with NAFDAC for two years and nothing was done.

“I took up that challenge and gave a directive for the applications to be cleared within a stipulated time.

“I gave the directive that by April, all applications on water installations and food and other companies’ registration should be cleared.

“We gave guidelines and deadline for the customers to meet and then involved other directorates in the agency to get it done,’’ she explained.

She further explained that under normal circumstances, the procedure for water or food registration takes 60 days while drugs registration takes about 120 days because of tests that are carried out.

Adeyeye added that to meet the service delivery aspect of the agency, a Quality Management System was introduced “for the benefit of our end users”.

“All my directors and other members of staff are now more efficient and effective than ever to ensure safety of Nigerians especially in what they consume,’’ she said.

No cholera out break in Nasarawa- Health ministry

By NeweDesk,

The Nasarawa State Ministry of Health has dismissed a cholera outbreak which was reported to had occurred in Keffi Local Government Area of the state.

However, the Director of Public,  Ministry of Health, Dr Ibrahim Adamu, claimed that there was no confirmed case of cholera outbreak in the state as erroneously reported in some national dailies.

Adamu , who spoke in the state on Tuesday said that samples taken from the suspected cases at Angwan-Lambu, a suburb of Keffi where the alleged outbreak was reported have not proven positive to cholera.

“We have cases of some persons presenting with diarrhea and are being treated with antibiotics but cholera has not been established.

“Meanwhile, about five persons are currently under observation and samples taken from them is being tested,’’ Adamu added.

Adamu dislcosed that the state government had taken measures to curtail the outbreak and spread of communicable diseases through sustained sensitisation campaigns.

He urged people to observe strict environmental and personal hygiene, especially when handling consumables.

Women with children above five risk heart attack, failure, stroke

By NewsDesk,

A just recently conducted  research on mortality rates among women has shown that woman with five children and above has greater risk of heart attack, stroke and heart failure.

However, the study from the University of Cambridge reported that having five or more kids was associated with a 40-per cent increased risk of a serious heart disease in next 30 years, compared with having one or two children.

The group of researchers found that for mothers with more children, the risk of stroke was 25 per cent higher, and that chance of heart failure was 17 percent higher than women with fewer kids.

One of researchers, Dr. Clare Oliver-Williams, who lead the research, said that the study was able to discovered cause of untimely death among women.

“We all know it is hard to take care of your health when you have children, but hopefully this research can help show how important it is.”

The study, funded by the British Heart Foundation, has examined data from over 8,000 white and African-American women in the United States between the ages of 45 and 64.

It is being presented at the British Cardiovascular Society Conference held from Monday to Wednesday in Manchester.

Walking faster can reduce premature mortality risk- Study

By NewsDesk,

A study led by an Australian university has proven that walking at a faster pace can translate into a significant reduction in premature mortality risk.

The University of Sydney study analysed the data of 50,000 walkers to identify the link between a person’s walking pace and their risk to all-cause mortality.

Results showed that walking at an average pace or faster can lower the risk of mortality by 20 to 24 percent compared to those who walk more slowly, according to the study published Friday.

Among people over 60 years old, the effect is even more compelling with a 46 percent decrease in cardiovascular -related deaths for average-paced walkers and a 53 percent reduction for fast-paced walkers.

“A fast pace is generally five to seven kilometres per hour, but it really depends on a walker’s fitness levels; an alternative indicator is to walk at a pace that makes you slightly out of breath or sweaty when sustained,” lead author of the study Professor Emmanuel Stamatakis from the University of Sydney’s Charles Perkins Centre and School of Public Health said.

While researchers admit it’s difficult to understand how walking directly correlates to reducing the risk of premature death, Stamatakis believes the study could help raise people’s awareness to increase their walking speed.

“Walking pace is associated with all-cause mortality risk, but its specific role — independent from the total physical activity a person undertakes — has received little attention until now,” he said.

“Assuming our results reflect cause and effect, these analyses suggest that increasing walking pace may be a straightforward way for people to improve heart health and risk for premature mortality — providing a simple message for public health campaigns to promote.”

Despite the findings, however, there was no evidence to suggest that walking pace had a significant influence on cancer mortality rates.

Borno religions leader to lead cholera prevent campaign across communities

By NewsDesk,

The Borno State Religious leader, Umar Ibn Garbai, has agreed to lead UNICEF’s cholera prevention campaign in the state that was aimed at preventing an outbreak of endemic and seasonal disease.

Speaking during an advocacy visit by UNICEF’s Chief Field Officer, Geoffrey Ijumba, in Borno, on Friday, the Shehu said that the emirate would collaborate with the fund towards eradicating this menace.

It was disclosed that United Nations has allocated US$2 million to support the response to a deadly cholera outbreak in Yobe State, North-east Nigeria, which is a neighbouring state to Borno.

The UNICEF hinted that since beginning of the outbreak, which was officially declared in four local government areas of Yobe in March, a total of 404 cases and 15 deaths have been reported, representing a 3.7 per cent case fatality rate.

“The issues you raised regarding healthcare, nutrition, sanitation and hygiene, including education are very critical in a land facing humanitarian challenges.

“I would personally work hard to record improvement to alleviate the suffering of our vulnerable people. This is a task we must achieve in favour of children and for the future.

“Traditional leaders in Borno would work hard to ensure that our people are aware of the dangers of cholera and how to prevent it,” he said.

The royal father commended UNICEF for providing humanitarian and developmental assistance to children.

“We always appreciate the good work UNICEF is doing over several years in Nigeria and the northeast in particular, especially during the conflict which posses a huge challenge to people particularly children and women,” he added.

The Shehu regretted that children had lost a good part of their lives out of school due to the insurgency.

Earlier, Ijumba, commended the emirate for prioritising its support for women and children in all areas of UNICEF’s activities in the state.

Ijumba said that his team was in the Shehu’s palace to seek for support in the campaign against Cholera outbreak, promote safe hygiene and school enrolment.

“The specific issues that I would like to bring to your attention is that we are going into the rainy season.
And right now there has been instances of Cholera outbreak in some part of Borno.

“We would like you, with the help of other traditional rulers, to sensitise the good people of the state to promote cleanliness, hygiene and good sanitation.

“On our part, we will deploy a team of community mobilisers to conduct house to house sensitisation in every community to promote hygiene in preparation for the raining season.

“We want to also make sure that water for drinking in Borno is properly stored and safe for drinking,” he said.

He expressed his disappointment over the refusal of the people in the state to accept “water chlorination”.

“We hope this time around, you will take a very strong message to them on the importance of water chlorination.

“We will work together with the government, RUWASA and other partners to make sure that this is done,” Ijumba said.

 

315M Chinese are smokers-WHO

By NewsDesk,

Three hundred and fifteen million Chinese, of the country 1.3 billion population, have been confirmed as smokers, consuming more than a third of the world’s cigarettes,

Besides, the country was ranked the highest number of smokers in the world by World Health Organisation (WHO) through a a report published in 2017.

Ahead of UN’s World No Tobacco Day, the WHO dropped facts and figures about a habit responsible for more deaths in 20th Century than recorded in the two world wars. Excerpts.

Cigarette smoking causes ten deaths per minute. Every minute, smokers get through nearly 11 million cigarettes and 10 die from the habit, experts say, in an industry that generates billions of dollars.

There are around one billion smokers in the world, about a seventh of the global population, according to World Health Organization (WHO) and other estimates.

Indonesia has the highest proportion of smokers at 76 percent of men aged over 15.

About 80 percent of the world’s smokers live in low- and middle-income countries and 226 million of them are considered poor.

A study published in The Lancet medical journal in April 2017 says the percentage of people using tobacco every day has dropped in 25 years.

One in four men and one in 20 women smoked daily in 2015, down from one in three men and one in 12 women in 1990, it found.

But reductions in smoking rates in some nations “are almost entirely offset by the increasing consumption in many countries with weaker tobacco control regulations,” says The Tobacco Atlas anti-smoking lobby.

These include poorer parts of the world, in particular in sub-Saharan Africa.

Tobacco use has decreased in places such as Australia, Brazil and Britain, where anti-smoking measures include higher taxes, bans and health warnings. Electronic cigarettes have also entered some markets.

France reports a million fewer daily smokers in 2017 over 2016.

Tobacco sales have even declined in China, down by 10 percent from a peak in 2012, according to the Euromonitor International market research group.

Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable death, experts say.

Active or passive smoking kills more than seven million people every year, according to the WHO, with tobacco consumption blamed for the death of on average one person every six seconds.

Cancers, heart attacks, strokes and lung disease are the main diseases associated with tobacco.

Over the 20th century tobacco claimed 100 million lives — more than the 60-80 million deaths during World War II and the 18 million in World War I combined.

At current rates tobacco could account for more up to a billion deaths in the 21st century, the WHO says.

Smoking uses up almost six percent of world spending on healthcare as well as nearly two percent of global GDP, according to a January 2017 study in the scientific journal Tobacco Control.

This amounted to $1.436 billion globally in 2012, 40 percent borne by developing countries, it says.

– Profits and production –

Around the world 4.3 million hectares (10.6 million acres) of land is used to grow tobacco, the WHO says, an area about the size of Switzerland.

Cigarette sales are worth more than $680 billion annually, according to Euromonitor.

China is the leading producer of tobacco, growing about 40 percent of world’s leaves, says The Tobacco Atlas.

Five firms control 80 percent of the global cigarette market. The top six made a profit of more than $62 billion in 2015, it says.

Smokers get through about 5.7 trillion cigarettes annually, says The Tobacco Atlas. This works out to nearly 11 million every minute.

Filters made from non-biodegradable cellulose acetate have become the type of litter most present on the world’s beaches.

Death anxiety can be simply dealt with

By Bethany Cadman,

Thanatophobia is a form of anxiety characterised by a fear of one’s own death or the process of dying. It is commonly referred to as death anxiety.

Death anxiety is not defined as a distinct disorder, but it may be linked to other depression or anxiety disorders. These include:post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD, panic disorders and panic attacks, illness anxiety disorders, previously called hypochondriasis

Thanatophobia is different from necrophobia, which is a general fear of dead or dying things, or things associated with death.

What is thanatophobia?

Someone may have a phobia about death or dying if he avoid situations involving these subjects.

In the Greek language, the word ‘Thanatos’ refers to death and ‘phobos’ means fear. Thus, thanatophobia translates as the fear of death.

Having some anxiety about death is an entirely normal part of the human condition. However, for some people, thinking about their own death or the process of dying can cause intense anxiety and fear.

A person may feel extreme anxiety and fear when they consider that death is inevitable. They may also experience:fear of separation, fear of dealing with a loss and worry about leaving loved ones behind.

When such fears persist and interfere with daily life and activities, this is known as thanatophobia.

In their most extreme, these feelings can stop people from conducting daily activities or even leaving their homes. Their fears center on things that could result in death, such as contamination or dangerous objects or people.

Symptoms and diagnosis

Doctors do not classify thanatophobia as a distinct condition, but it can be classified as a specific phobia.

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), a phobia is an anxiety disorder relating to a specific object or situation.

The fear of death is considered a phobia if the fear arises almost every time a person thinks about dying, persists for more than 6 months and gets in the way of everyday life or relationships.

Key symptoms that a person may have a phobia of dying include:immediate fear or anxiety when thinking about dying or the process of dying, panic attacks that can cause dizziness, hot flushes, sweating, and a raised or irregular heart rate,
avoidance of situations where thinking about death or dying may be necessary, feeling sick or getting stomach pains when thinking about death or dying and
general feelings of depression or anxiety

Phobias can lead to a person feeling isolated and avoiding contact with friends and family for extended periods of time.

The symptoms may come and go over an individual’s lifetime. Someone with mild death anxiety might experience heightened anxiety when they think about their death or the death of a loved one, such as when they or a family member is seriously ill.

If death anxiety is linked to another anxiety or depressive condition, a person may also experience specific symptoms related to the underlying conditions.

Causes and types of thanatophobia
While thanatophobia is defined as a general fear of death, there are many types and causes of this anxiety, and the particulars of what an individual focuses on can vary.

Phobias are often triggered by a specific event in a person’s past, though the person does not always remember what this was. Particular triggers for thanatophobia could include an early traumatic event related to almost dying or the death of a loved one.

A person who has a severe illness may experience thanatophobia because they are anxious about dying, though ill health is not necessary for a person to experience this anxiety. Instead, it is often related to psychological distress.

The experience of death anxiety may differ, depending on individual factors. These include:

Age. A 2017 study suggests that older adults fear the dying process, while younger people more commonly fear death itself.

Sex. According to a 2012 study, women were more likely than men to fear the death of loved ones and the consequences of their death.

Medical professionals link anxiety around death to a range of mental health conditions, including depressive disorders, PTSD, and anxiety disorders.

Thanatophobia may be linked to:

Specific phobias

Death anxiety is associated with a range of specific phobias. The most common objects of phobias are things that can cause harm or death, including snakes, spiders, planes, and heights.

Panic disorders

A fear of dying plays a role in many anxiety disorders, such as panic disorders. During a panic attack, people may feel a loss of control and an intense fear of dying or impending doom.

Illness anxiety disorders

Death anxiety may be linked to illness anxiety disorders, previously known as hypochondriasis. Here, a person has intense fear associated with becoming ill and excessively worries about their health.

Overcoming thanatophobia

Talking therapies may help when managing thanatophobia. Social support networks may help to protect a person against death anxiety. Some people may come to terms with death through religious beliefs, though these may perpetuate a fear of death in others.

Those with high self-esteem, good health, and a belief that they have led a fulfilling life are less likely to have a fear of death than some others.

A doctor may recommend that a person with thanatophobia receive treatment for an anxiety disorder, phobia, or for a specific underlying cause of their fear.

Treatment involves a form of behavioral or talking therapy. This therapy tries to teach the individual to refocus their fears and to work through them by talking about their concerns.

Treatment options for death anxiety include:

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT works by gently altering a person’s behavioral patterns so that they can form new behaviors and ways of thinking.

A doctor will help a person to come up with practical solutions to overcome their feelings of anxiety. They may work to develop strategies that allow them to be calm and unafraid when talking or thinking about death.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapies, or talking therapies, involve talking through anxieties and fears with a psychologist or psychotherapist. These professionals will help someone find out the cause of their fear, and come up with strategies to cope with anxieties that occur during the day.

Sometimes, even just talking about the anxiety can help a person to feel more in control of their fear.

Exposure therapy

Exposure therapy works by helping a person face their fears. Instead of burying how they feel about death or not acknowledging their concerns, they are encouraged to be exposed to their fears.

A therapist will carry out exposure therapy by very gradually exposing a person to their fear, in a safe environment, until the anxiety response reduces, and a person can confront their thoughts, objects, or feelings without fear.

Medication

If doctors diagnose a person with a specific mental health condition, such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) or PTSD, they may prescribe anti-anxiety medication. This may include beta-blockers or antidepressant medication.

When people use medicines alongside psychotherapies, they are often most effective.

While medication can be beneficial by relieving feelings of panic and stress in the short term, long-term use of such medication may not be the ideal solution. Instead, working through fears in therapy is more likely to provide long-term relief.

Relaxation techniques

Practicing self-care can be powerful for boosting overall mental health, including helping a person feel more able to cope with their anxieties. Avoiding alcohol and caffeine, getting a good night’s sleep, and eating a nutritious diet are some ways to practice self-care.

When a person is experiencing anxiety, specific relaxation techniques can help clear their mind and de-escalate their fears. These may include:doing deep breathing exercises, focusing on specific objects in the room, such as counting the tiles on the wall and meditation or focusing on positive imagery

Outlook
While it is natural to have concerns about the future and the future of loved ones, if the anxiety around death persists for more than six months or hinders daily life, it may be worth someone speaking to a doctor.

There are many ways that a person can overcome their fear of death, and a mental health professional will be able to offer guidance and reassurance during this process.