Drinking cups of coffee daily may protect human from heartbeat

By NewsDesk,

A study has indicated that drinking up to three cups of tea or coffee per day could protect people from developing irregular heartbeats or arrhythmia, as against cases of the incident been recorded.

However, coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world and the most common form of cognitive enhancement.

Before the study, more than 80 per cent of clinicians in the United States recommend patients with palpitations or arrhythmia to abstain or reduce caffeine.

But the new study which involved researchers in the University of Melbourne’s Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute along with partners in the United States consistently demonstrated a reduction in atrial fibrillation (irregular heartbeats) with increasing levels of caffeine ingestion.

The research analysed multiple population-based studies which involved 228,465 participants to find the frequency of atrial fibrillation decreased by 6 per cent in regular coffee drinkers, while a further analysis of 115,993 patients showed a risk reduction of 13 per cent.

“There is a public perception, often based on anecdotal experience, that caffeine is a common acute trigger for heart rhythm problems,’’ lead author Peter Kistler from the Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute said.

“Our extensive review of the medical literature suggests this is not the case.’’

“Caffeinated beverages such as coffee and tea may have long term anti-arrhythmic properties mediated by antioxidant effects and antagonism of adenosine,’’ Kistler concluded.

“In numerous population-based studies, patients who regularly consume coffee and tea at moderate levels have a lower lifetime risk of developing heart rhythm problems and possibly improved survival.’’

However, due to significantly higher concentrations of caffeine, researchers advised that energy drinks should be avoided for people with pre-existing structural heart disease.

How women change at menopause stage

By Nicole Galan

Menopause causes a dramatic change in hormone levels, including a decline in estrogen, which is what causes the symptoms associated with menopause. The most common symptoms of menopause include hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, and vaginal dryness — but can menopause also cause a rash?

How estrogen and menopause affect the skin, and whether rashes are related to these hormonal changes is part of what is needed to be treated about what inflences women change.

Estrogen plays a vital role in keeping the skin young, elastic, and healthy. Estrogen helps the skin by:

*Stimulating the production of oil, collagen, and other substances involved in skin health.

*Promoting wound healing.

*Reducing inflammatory skin disorders during pregnancy or periods of high estrogen.

*Possibly protecting against mortality from melanoma and other skin cancers.

*Providing some protection against sun damage.

How menopause affects the skin

While decreasing estrogen levels do have an impact on a person’s skin, there are many other factors involved in skin health. These factors can include:

*sun exposure or damage
*fat redistribution

Skin changes that may occur during menopause include:

There is no evidence to suggest that menopause is linked to a specific type of rash. However, as a woman approaches menopause, the body becomes significantly more sensitive to changes in temperature, particularly heat.

During and before menopause, a woman may suddenly feel hot and sweaty, causing her face to become flushed or red. These are known as hot flashes, and they can be mild or severe enough to interfere with daily life.

Decreased estrogen levels can cause the skin to become itchy, sensitive, or irritated. Women may also notice that they are more sensitive to itchy fabrics, soaps, or beauty products. Scratching at itchy skin can cause hives and rashes.

A woman who has a rash should consider switching to natural or fragrance-free products to reduce irritation and inflammation. If rashes become especially problematic, she should see a dermatologist for further advice.

Facial hair

The decline in estrogen and other hormones can cause changes in a woman’s hair, causing it to thin or fall out.

During menopause, women may also notice that hair begins to grow on their face where it had not previously grown. This can include under the chin, along the jawline, or on the upper lip.

Women have many options for dealing with unwanted facial hair. Waxing and shaving are easy at-home options. A dermatologist can provide other options, such as laser treatment or hair removal cream.

Thinning skin
As estrogen levels fall, it can cause the skin to get thinner and more delicate, meaning it is more easily damaged. Thinning skin can even lead to more frequent and noticeable bruising.

It is essential to use an SPF 30 sunscreen every day, even when not spending a lot of time in the sun. While sunscreen cannot treat thinning skin, it can prevent it from getting worse.

A woman should see her dermatologist if thin skin presents a serious problem with tearing or injury. The doctor may be able to suggest medical treatments that can help manage the problem.

Dry skin
In addition to thinning skin, women in perimenopause or menopause are more likely to have issues with dry or flaky skin.

This is because estrogen helps the skin to hold on to water, keeping it soft and moist. Without estrogen, the skin is prone to drying out.

To prevent dry skin, people can use a gentler cleanser, as traditional soaps can be particularly drying for older women. Moisturizing right after showering or bathing is best.

People should avoid using exfoliants or other strong products because they can be particularly damaging to delicate or dry skin.

Age spots
Age spots are a common complaint of menopausal women. This is usually a sign of sun damage that has occurred throughout a woman’s lifetime.

Wearing sunscreen consistently and from an early age is the best way to prevent age spots and skin cancer developing later in life.

Some types of skin cancer can look like an age spot, so it is essential to see a dermatologist regularly. The risk of skin cancer increases with age and sun exposure.


Skin changes are a common complaint among women during or approaching menopause.
While these issues are the result of normal hormonal changes, there are a few things that women can do to help prevent them from happening or getting worse. Simple steps include:

*Using moisturizer: An oil-free moisturizer can help to keep skin thick and soft.

*Choose something gentle and free from perfumes or dyes to minimize the risk of irritation.

*Wearing sunscreen every day: Regular use of sunscreen can help prevent skin damage from sun exposure.

*Taking sun protection seriously: In addition to wearing sunscreen, wear hats, sunglasses, and other protective clothing to keep the skin covered up while exposed to the sun.

See the dermatologist: It is important for women to see a dermatologist every year. In addition to screening for cancer or other suspicious marks, it is also a great opportunity to ask questions about problems or concerns about the skin.

While there is no evidence that menopause can cause a rash, it is common for women to experience reddening and irritation of the skin during a hot flash. This is usually short-lived and will resolve once the hot flash goes away.

Avoiding skin irritants, applying sunscreen daily, and seeing a dermatologist can help women manage or prevent some of the other skin conditions associated with menopause.

NOUN nursing programme gets NUC, NMCN accreditation

By NewsDesk,

The Vice-Chancellor, National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN), Prof. Abdalla Adamu, has disclosed that the institution’s Nursing programme has been fully accredited by  National Universities Commission(NUC) and Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria(NMCN).

Adamu, during his remark at  First Faculty of Health Sciences Public Lecture held at NOUN’s headquarters on Monday in Abuja, said that, with BNSc. Nursing, B.Sc. Public Health and B.Sc. Environmental Health-fully accredited and B.Sc. Environmental Health resource verified and approved by NUC, the institution needed partnership the Federal Ministry of Health.

“NOUN B.Sc Nursing has been fully accredited by NUC and fully accredited Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria(NMCN).

“ We are very proud of this achievement and we congratulate the faculty of Health Sciences.

“ This event is important for because it provides a window of interactivity with the Federal Ministry of Health; we want to see more facilitators and supervisors from the ministry,’’ he said.

In his speech, Dr Osagie Ehanire, the Minister of State for Health, said that the topic of the lecture was apt given that the Universal Health Coverage(UHC), a priority programme of Muhammadu Buhari’s administration, was the news recently.

He said that UHC was the result of World Health Assembly Resolution 58.33 of 2005, which urged countries to develop strategies that ensure people had access to needed healthcare services without risk of financial ruin.

Ehanire said that UHC was envisaged to provide accessible, affordable and equitable quality healthcare to all citizens, including rural dwellers and the urban poor to enjoy healthier, more productive and fulfilling lives which supports economic growth and social harmony.

According to the minister, UHC has regained new global momentum with the World Health Assembly and UN General Assembly calling on member states including Nigeria to scale up effort to reduce poor health indices towards achieving Sustainable Development Goals.

He said that it was regrettable that over 70 percent of Nigerians paid for healthcare out of pocket because public funding was sparse, due in part to prevailing economic conditions and low budgetary provision.

“A significant flaw in the past was the investment of huge sums in health care without commensurate results.

“Looking back, the focus was arguably on input, rather than outcomes, the approach had to change and it did with the `Performance for Result’’(PforR) strategy , introduced to power the `Save One Million Lives’ programmes as a government flagship intervention to improve Maternal and Child Health, through results-oriented partnership with states.

“The SOML PforR is based on restructuring flow of resources to pay for results, outcomes, and impacts, rather than simply for processes, or reimbursement of activity costs.

“It seeks to deliver high impact, evidence-based, cost effective health interventions based on six pillars and two enablers.’’

“SOML PforR) is a great opportunity to tackle Nigeria’s poor maternal and child health indices; so far, states have been accessing the funds for implementation of their work plans,’’ he said.

On his part, the Guest Lecturer, Dr Ibrahim Kana, National Programme Manager, SOML PforR, challenged the academia to step up research on primary health care, adding that the programme was already in partnership with the University of Ibadan.

He said that was need for the academia to triangulate government policies- to pick interest in better understanding of Government Policies and relate with realities as well as teaching students about current government policies.

Kana urged each department of public health to adopt one primary health care centre per Senatorial District; conduct regular operational research in those facilities; set standard for other facilities to follow and use the centres as laboratories to test new approaches and techniques.

Health body advises FG on universal coverage policy adoption

By NewsDesk,

A Nigerian health body, Health Maintenance Organisation (HMO) has advised Federal Government to consider adoption of  strategies and policies that would enable the nation to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC).

It explained that UHC’s aims was to ensure that people have access to needed healthcare services including preventive, promotion, treatment, rehabilitation and palliative care irrespective of financial status.

The Chief Executive Officer, Managed Healthcare Services, Dr Patrick Korie, said that there was need for Nigerian government to look at UHC direction with measure that could help it benefit members of the public.

Speaking on the UHC on Saturday in Abuja, Korie identified enabling policies needed for the health universal coverage as strong political will, proper healthcare governance and funding the National Health Act.

The CEO listed the objectives of UHC to include equity in access to health services, quality of health services must be good enough to improve the health of those receiving services as well as financial risk protection for those accessing healthcare.

Korie specifically noted that implementation of the one per cent Basic Healthcare Provision Fund which guaranteed equal access to healthcare by the populace irrespective of culture, religion financial status among others was key in ensuring UHC.

He further explained that healthcare funding could be channeled through the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to enable it cover the health need of every populace whether rich or poor, rural and urban dwellers.

According to him, the scheme should be funded in such a way that every Nigerian will know that it is compulsory for him or her to have a health insurance policy.

He said through such policy “those who earn money should contribute, while government should have things in place for those who do not earn money to access healthcare.

“National Health Act made provision for basic healthcare for every Nigerians, we want that to be implemented no matter how small it is; we can then scale it up because that Act guarantees UHC.’’

The CEO, who decried none inclusion of the all citizens in the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), described this gap as an infringement on the fundamental human rights of citizens.

He however, urged the government among other stakeholders to recognise healthcare as a fundamental human right of every citizen as enshrined in the World Health Orgasnisation (WHO) constitution of 1948 which Nigeria is signatory to.

According to him, the government should put policies and strategies in place to enable every citizen have access to quality healthcare services without impoverishment.

“The WHO Constitution of 1948 says healthcare is a fundamental human right. Healthcare cannot be a fundamental human right and we are unable to provide it.

“For us at Managed Health Services, we are the protectors of human rights because we provide people access to care in ensuring that they are not impoverished, while accessing healthcare.

“We want the government and all stakeholders to recognise healthcare as a fundamental human right as enshrine in the WHO constitution of 1948, which we are a member and then institutionised policies to ensure every Nigerian have equal access to quality healthcare.

“We are already there but we want the enabling environment, which will be granted by strong political will,’’ Korie said.

Kano installs solar refrigerators for smooth immunization program delivery

By NewsDesk,

The Kano State Government has installed no fewer than 476 Solar direct drive refrigerators to cover more than 95% of 484 political wards in order to strengthen delivery of routine immunization services to our communities.

It was gathered that the refrigerators’ installation was in line with the vision of his administration to reposition Health Care delivery to the best attainable standard so as to improve the quality of lives of the citizenry.

The Kano State Governor, Dr. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje disclosed that despite financial constraints in the last three years, the state government embarked on numerous projects and programmes including the refrigerators procurement and installations, aimed at improving quality of lives of the people of the State.

Speaking at opening of the 3rd Annual Disease Surveillance Review Meeting 2018, organized by Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), in Kano, Ganduje, who was represented by his Deputy, Professor Hafiz Abubakar, stated that vision of the present administration in health care was to ensure that the state attained its maximum potential and its citizens were provided with highest quality of care available”, he emphasized.

According to him, the vision has propelled the State government to embark on massive investment in health care as well as the completion of long abandoned health projects started over 10 years ago.

“The administration has continued the policy of “No Embargo” on employment of doctors, nurses, midwives and other critical manpower for the health sector to ensure that our people are not deprived the services of professionals”, he pointed out.

Dr. Ganduje further said that the government has introduced far reaching programmes in the health care sector for free, which include the Maternal Child Health, Free Accident and Emergency Care as well as free eye care programmes among others.

The governor thanked the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) for giving the State rate privilege to host the event, stressing that it was a step towards attracting more investment in the health sector of the state.

In his opening remarks, the State Commissioner for Health, Dr. Kabir Ibrahim Getso maintained that the disease surveillance system of Kano State has achieved great success over the past three years with critical interventions including the pilot of surveillance and outbreak response management system, adding that the Government has conducted numerous training programmes for its disease surveillance and notification officers.

In his remarks, the Emir of Kano Malam Muhammadu Sunusi II, represented by the Sarkin Yakin Kano and District head of Ajingi, Alh. Wada Aliyu Gaya said as custodian of people’s norms and culture, the Emirate Council has constituted various committees on health that specifically focused on community engagement on routine immunization.

Earlier, the Chief Executive Officer Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Dr. Chikwe Ihekwazu said the Centre was committed to supporting the State Government to create public laboratories to improve the capacity of disease control in their respective domains.

He urged the state governments to embark on routine immunization on communicable and other child killer diseases to ensure effective prevention and Control.

Poisoned Russian double-agent’s daughter recovering

Yulia Skripal, daughter of former Russian double agent Sergei Skripal poisoned along side her father is getting better after spending three weeks in critical condition due to a nerve toxin attack at his home in England, the hospital where she is being treated said on Thursday.

After the first known use of a military-grade nerve agent on European soil since World War Two, Britain blamed Russian President Vladimir Putin for the attempted murder, and the West has expelled around 130 Russian diplomats.

Russia has denied using Novichok, a nerve agent first developed by the Soviet military, to attack Skripal. Moscow has said it suspects the British secret services are trying to frame Russia to stoke anti-Russian hysteria.

British counter-terrorism police said they now believe Skripal and his 33-year-old daughter Yulia were poisoned with a nerve toxin that had been left on the front door of their home in the genteel English cathedral city of Salisbury.

“I’m pleased to be able to report an improvement in the condition of Yulia Skripal,” Christine Blanshard, Medical Director for Salisbury District Hospital, said in a statement.

Aisha throws supports behind fight against tuberculosis

By NewsDesk,

The President Muhammadu Bukari’s wife, Aisha, has said that she was ready to join battle against spread of tuberculosis in Nigeria, with emphases on need for regular testing and treatment for tuberculosis to reduce the spread of the disease in the country.

Buhari, who spoke on her support for fight against the disease on Thursday when she met with the delegation of Global Stop TB Partnership at Presidential Villa, Abuja, stated that she and other wives of the governors have concluded on how they must organise national workshop where people could learn that the disease could be treated.

She urged TB patients to always make themselves available for diagnosis and medication, just as as she appealed to Nigerians to stop stigmatising those undergoing the disease.


“We have to organise a National Workshop gathering all the Governors wives to make them fully aware that TB can be treated, TB can be cured and the testing and treatment is (are) free in Nigeria.

“(So they can) go back to their states and pass the information.’’

In his remark, the Deputy Director of Global Stop, TB Partnership, Geneva, Dr Suha Savunand, commended the efforts of Buhari in championing the advocacy against the spread of tuberculosis.

Savunand said his team was in the State House to express appreciation to Buhari for her continued support to end the disease in Nigeria.

According to him, the team is in Nigeria to commemorate the 2018 World Tuberculosis Day and to launch the Parliamentary TB Caucus in the country.

It would be recalled that that the group had appointed the wife of the President as the global Ambassador of Stop TB Partnership in Nigeria.

In another development, Buhari and the wife of the vice President, Mrs Dolapo Osinbajo, inaugurated “Cedarcrest Hospital’’ a private Hospital in Abuja, for public use.

She urged management of the Hospital to ensure that their services are affordable to the general public.

She commended the Hospital for providing world class equipment for orthopaedic services which was beneficial to her son, Yusuf Buhari.

The President’s son was treated in the hospital following his motor bike accident in December 2017.

Flying doctors seek regional integration on West African health sector

By NewsDesk, 

Group of flying doctors in Nigeria under aegis of Flying Doctors Nigeria, have explained that there were various advantages if medical services regional integration within West African sub-region could be giving supportive hands.

They stated that regional integration would help the region develop “medical centres of excellence that could receive large volumes of specialist medical cases.

The Founder, Flying Doctors Nigeria Founder, Dr Ola Brown, explained numerous advantages lie within the regional integration and that developing centres would help medical personnel to develop expertise in very specific areas of medicine.

Speaking in Banjul Gambia, during 2018 West African College of Surgeons (WACS) conference and scientific meeting recently, Brown stated that air ambulance services should be key part of the region’s medical sector cooperation.


She explained that air ambulance services are capable of enhancing the region’s medical collaboration by “facilitating transportation of patients across large distances in very short time frames.”

West Africa has some of the poorest health outcomes in the world in form of high maternal mortality rates, high child mortality rates and high mortality rates from trauma and infectious diseases.

The healthcare expert stated that air ambulance services can help patients save lives by “circumventing the region’s infrastructural challenges, such as poorly maintained roads common in the region.”

Brown explained that air ambulance services make it easier for medical experts to refer patients that cannot be handled in their home countries to other countries in the sub-region where such ailments can effectively be treated.

She further explained that air ambulance services also serve a high percentage of professionals, especially those in oil and gas industry who work in high-risk environments, making it compelling to have air ambulance services for rescue operations in hard-to-reach areas.

The West African College of Surgeons (WACS) annual meeting is one of the most prestigious medical conferences in Africa. The conference was attended by surgeons from about 22 West African countries. This year’s WACS conference had “Global Surgery Implementation for West Africa” as its theme.

Flying Doctors Nigeria is West Africa’s first and leading air ambulance service organisation based in Nigeria. Established about 10 years ago, the firm airlifts patients across the world in medically equipped aircrafts for specialist medical attention.

Oral health better than years back in Nigeria

By NewsDesk,

The Vice-Chairman, Dental Association of Nigeria, Abuja Chapter, Dr Seye Logede, has indicated that general attitude of Nigerians to oral health has significantly improved compare to recent past

Seye said that poor dental health could affect a person’s general health and well-being as the mouth is the gateway to the body.

Logede, who is a Principal Dental Officer in the Oral Diagnosis Unit of the National Hospital, while speaking newsmen on Tuesday in Abuja that the use of social media contributed to the success recorded.

According to him, contrary to what people think, there is nothing happening in the body that does not have symptoms or indications in the mouth‎.

The dentist explained that poor oral hygiene could also affect the psychological well-being of a person and make one lose self-confidence.

‎“Your total psychological well-being is affected when you have bad oral hygiene; you would not be able to speak or smile in public and people will find it unpleasant talking with you.’’

He also said that a person with poor oral health would find eating food and taking cold or hot drinks unpleasant.
“When your‎ teeth and gum are in poor condition, you can no longer enjoy your food; if you take cold or hot drinks, your teeth will scream aloud.‎”

Logede advised that every human being should see a dentist every six months at most while for, children as soon as they start to have teeth.

He, however, said children born with any congenital malformation affecting the mouth should see the dentist from birth.

On the theme of the celebration which is “Say Ahh: Think Mouth, Think Health”, he said, “To be candid, the attitude of Nigerians to oral health is improving unlike a few years ago that people did not bother with their oral health.

“If you are anaemic or have some underlying health conditions, there is a way it shows in the mouth.’’

The dentist, therefore, advised members of the public to also brush twice a day, first thing in the morning and last thing at night.

He also said that people should try to avoid eating between meals.

“People should try to reduce their snacking habit, take a lot of fluids and see their dentists every six months.” ‎

NAN reports that the World Dental Foundation launched the World Oral Health Day in 2002 and it is being celebrated on March 20 yearly.

The celebration is aimed at creating awareness on the prevention and control of oral disease.

Women and nausea before menstrual period

By NewsDesk,

Women experience nausea just before they get their menstrual period. This is common and is not usually a cause for concern.

Nausea before a period could be caused by many factors, including cramps, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and pregnancy. If symptoms are severe, this could indicate an underlying condition such as endometriosis.

PMS is the main cause of nausea before a period. Around 20 to 50 percent of women experience PMS in  7 to 10 days before their period.

As well as nausea before a period, other symptoms may include a headache, fatigue, and muscle aches.

Nausea before a period is common. What matters most, however, is what is normal for the individual.

Feeling nauseated before a period may be a regular symptom for some people. However, a sudden change in PMS symptoms can indicate an underlying medical problem.

Nausea before a period is often caused by PMS. However, there are some other possible causes, so it is wise to speak to a doctor if the symptoms are unusual or interfering with everyday activities.

PMS is a very common cause of nausea before a period. A person often experiences additional symptoms of PMS, including a headache, dizziness, fatigue, diarrhea, and muscle aches.

Researchers are still unsure about what causes PMS, and why some people experience it and others do not.

Serotonin levels: Serotonin is a brain chemical linked to mood. There is some evidence that serotonin levels are lower before periods begin. Low serotonin can cause depression, anxiety, and other symptoms.

Nutritional deficiencies: Not eating enough calcium or magnesium may make PMS worse.

Endocrine disorders: The endocrine system regulates hormone levels. Problems with it due to diabetes, thyroid disease, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), or other diseases may make PMS worse.

Hormonal shifts.: Estrogen and progesterone are highest after ovulation because these hormones play key roles in pregnancy. When a period begins, estrogen and progesterone levels fall. Women with PMS typically experience nausea either right before a period or right after it starts.

Genetics: While doctors have not identified specific genes linked to PMS, it seems to run in families.

Hormones are the body’s chemical messengers, so changes in hormone levels can affect how it responds to many experiences.

A 2018 study of women undergoing breast cancer surgery under general anesthesia, found a link between menstruation and vomiting. Women were much more likely to experience vomiting after surgery when they were getting their periods.

Many women experience bloating before and at the start of their period. Can lifestyle changes offer some relief?

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe form of PMS. People with PMDD typically also have serious mood swings and may have depression and anxiety.

Endometriosis is when tissue similar to the tissue that lines the uterus develops outside of it, sticking to other organs, such as the ovaries and fallopian tubes.

Some women with endometriosis do not have symptoms. For others, endometriosis can be debilitating, causing intense pain and heavy bleeding during a period and even throughout the month. Endometriosis is also a leading cause of infertility.

One study found higher rates of stomach and digestive problems in women with endometriosis. Around 85 percent of women with endometriosis reported gastrointestinal problems during the previous year.

In addition to nausea, they also reported gas, bloating, diarrhea, stomach pain, and constipation.

Nausea and vomiting are among the earliest signs of pregnancy. These symptoms may appear even before a woman misses her period.

Shortly after a fertilised egg implants itself in the uterus, a woman’s body begins producing human chorionic gonadotropin hormone (HCG).

HCG may play a role in morning sickness. It is also how most home pregnancy tests detect pregnancy.

Illness or infection

Not all symptoms that happen during a period are due to menstruation. Food poisoning, stomach viruses, food sensitivities, and a range of other health issues may cause nausea around the time of a period.

People experiencing nausea before their period for the first time, especially if it is severe or accompanied by vomiting or intense stomach pain, may have an unrelated illness or infection.

Women who often experience nausea before a period should discuss it with their doctor. Anyone experiencing frequent nausea before their period should talk to a doctor about possible underlying causes. The treatment they recommend will depend on what is responsible for nausea.

Some strategies that may help reduce mild nausea include:

Taking anti-nausea medication, such as Gravol or Pepto-Bismol. Monitoring food intake with a food diary to check for anything that might trigger nausea near a period

If nausea before a period is caused by an underlying medical condition, a doctor may recommend:

*birth control pills, which can help regulate hormones and are sometimes prescribed for endometriosis, PMDD, and PMS. surgery to remove endometrial tissue that is outside of the uterus

*antidepressants, particularly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which can help regulate serotonin levels and reduce symptoms of PMDD and PMS

Nausea is a common premenstrual symptom. For most people with nausea before a period, the symptoms can be managed with over-the-counter medications and by avoiding any trigger foods.

However, if nausea does not improve with conservative methods or if it is interfering with daily life, a person should speak to a doctor who specialises in menstrual health and work with them to come up with a treatment plan.