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Attributes of The Servant of The Most Merciful (9): Avoiding killing

 In The Name of Allah of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful,

Text Being Fifth Sermon For The Month of Jumadal Ula, 21th J. Thaniyyah /1439AH (16th Match, 2018) delivered by The Muslim Congress (TMC).

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, Who says: (وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَزْنُونَ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا (68) يُضَاعَفْ لَهُ الْعَذَابُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَيَخْلُدْ فِيهِ مُهَانًا (69) إِلَّا مَنْ تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا فَأُولَئِكَ يُبَدِّلُ اللَّهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ حَسَنَاتٍ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا (70) وَمَنْ تَابَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَإِنَّهُ يَتُوبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَتَابًا ﴾) “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, nor commit fornication; – and any that does this (not only) meets punishment. (But) the Penalty on the Day of Judgment will be doubled to him, and he will dwell therein in ignominy,- Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allah will change the evil of such persons into good, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful,” (25:68-70). We praise Him, thank Him, we assert our belief in Him, and put in Him our trust. We seek refuge in Him from the evil of our souls, and deeds. And we bear witness that there is no God but Allah alone, the compassionate, the merciful, the oft-forgiving, and I bear witness that our master Muhammad is His servant and messenger. May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be on him, his household, companions and whoever follow their guidance and footsteps till the day of accountability.

As to what follows:

Dear Muslims, I advise you all and myself to fear Allah, in the open and secret, because that is the objective of all acts of obedience and commands and prohibitions. Allah, the exalted says thus:
(يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا (70) يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا) “O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. ( 71 ) He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” (33:63).

Dear faithful, this is the fourth sermon in the month of Jumadal thaniyyah, and we are continuing our discussion on the Attributes of the Servant of the Most Merciful, taking the ninth attribute which is “Sincere repentance” as elucidated in Suratul Furqan having discussed; humility, forbearance, Qiyaamul-layl (Standing for prayers at night), being fearful of the fire, Moderation in spending, upholding Tawheed, Avoiding killing and protecting life and Avoiding Zina.

Dear Muslim brothers and sisters, we are still within the vastness of the Qur’an with the servants of the Most Merciful whom Allah is pleased with and are pleased with Him in Suratul-Furqaan.
They are a set of people who do not get involved in the major sins of shirk of calling on other than Allah, murder, or zina. “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, nor commit fornication; – and any that does this (not only) meets punishment. (But) the Penalty on the Day of Judgment will be doubled to him, and he will dwell therein in ignominy.” These are major sins which punishment are doubled chastisement and perpetually repeating. This punishment is not like that of this world, not for a day or two, nor a month nor a year, rather it is forever. In addition to the accompanying humiliation in the fire, (and he will dwell therein in ignominy,), regardless of his status in life, and before men, he will be humiliated before Allah.
This is the case for he who commit any of those sins, however, is the door of opportunity closed against them? Would there be for them the chance to access mercy and pardon? Really Allah made some exception as He says: “Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allah will change the evil of such persons into good, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful,”. Thus Allah opened to them the door of repentance, this is the way of compassion of Allah with his servants. Allah knows their weakness, the domineering influence of their desire, the whisper of Shaytan and that man was created weak; many a time he gets incited into evil and sins, he could slip off his balance thus following the devil, therefore, Allah recognizes all that and He opened the door of repentance to His servants. He, Allah created them like that because He loves to accept repentance of His servants, His name is “Accepter of repentance”. “For Allah loves those Who turn to Him constantly And He loves those Who keep themselves pure and clean.” His name is “The Oft-forgiving” thus it is of His nature to forgive, and His name is “The Pardoner” thus it is of His nature to pardon. Thus, Allah did not make them as angel, but humans with wishes and desires, which could cause them to sin and seek forgiveness and Allah forgives them. In the hadith: “I swear by Him in whose hand is my soul, if you do not sin, Allah will take you away and bring a people who will be sinning, but will seek forgiveness and He will forgive them.” (Muslim and others)
Repentance cleanse the sins like water cleanses dirts, and he who repents from shirk, Allah accepts his repentance. “Say to the Unbelievers, if (now) they desist (from Unbelief), their past would be forgiven them; but if they persist, the punishment of those before them is already (a matter of warning for them).” (8:38) Islam cleanses what sins came before it, and repentance cleanses what came before it.
Some companions differ on the acceptance of repentance of the one who killed a soul, because the it affects rights of three: rights of the slain person; rights of the relative of the slain person; and the rights of Allah. They say when the killer repents, Allah pardons him and drops His right, and the relatives pardons and drop their right through resolution or receipt of blood money, then there remains the right of the slain. But the correct view is that when he does a sincere repentance, and the relatives of the slain pardon him, Allah will accept it by making the slain pleased with him on the day of resurrection. Repentance covers all sin; as Allah mentions Shirk, murder, and fornication, he says: “Unless he repents…” covering all the three sins.

What is acceptable repentance?
The sincere repentance is that which is free from deceit, that is a repentance that is not fraud, not like the repentance of liars, who claim to repent with their tongues but their hearts are bent on sins. The pillars of acceptable repentance are the following:

First: Regretful: Anas and some of the companions of the Prophet-pbuh were asked: “Did the Prophet say: ‘Regret is repentance? He said: ‘Yes’. This means it is the greatest of the pillars of repentance, as it he said: “The hajj is ‘Arafat” (Ahmad, Ibn hibban, Hakim, Darqutni, and Bayhaqi). Regret is to be sorrowful and saddened, the grief that consumes the heart, internally when he remembers he sinned against Allah, he is not at peace, he could not sleep, engulfing his day and night. It is a feeling of deficiency before Allah, he realizes his sins against Allah, and the kindness of Allah towards him. In an alqudsi hadith: “I and the Jinns and men are in a great reality; I created (them) but they worship other than Me, I provide for (them) but they thank other than Me.” (Hakim, Tirmidhi, Bayhaqi). “My favour to the servants descends, but their evil ascend, I engulf them with My favour, for I am free of all needs from them, they instigate My anger with sins, but they are greatest in need before Me.”
Whoever intends repentance should remember the favours of Allah, then his sins against Allah, that produces a feel of regret, which dissolves in the heart, like the salt dissolves in water. Allah describes the psychological feeling of those who repent is suratul taubah thus: (﴿ وَعَلَى الثَّلَاثَةِ الَّذِينَ خُلِّفُوا حَتَّى إِذَا ضَاقَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الْأَرْضُ بِمَا رَحُبَتْ وَضَاقَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ أَنْفُسُهُمْ وَظَنُّوا أَنْ لَا مَلْجَأَ مِنَ اللَّهِ إِلَّا إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ تَابَ عَلَيْهِمْ لِيَتُوبُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ ﴾ [التّوبة : 9/ 118]) “(He turned in mercy also) to the three who were left behind; (they felt guilty) to such a degree that the earth seemed constrained to them, for all its spaciousness, and their (very) souls seemed straitened to them,- and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah (and no refuge) but to Himself. Then He turned to them, that they might repent: for Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.” (9:118)

Check the statement: “the earth seemed constrained to them, for all its spaciousness,” the earth seemed constrained to them despite its vastness, their souls closed up against them, “and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah (and no refuge) but to Himself.”. This is the feeling of the repenting one and the meaning of regret.

The second: A strong resolve not to return to the sin: There is no repentance except with this determination. But if he repents but still stays in between, tilting towards the sin, his mind still attached to the sin, and still thinks about it, then this is no repentance. It is imperative to be firmly decisive, at the time of repenting, not to return to sin, as it is impossible for the extracted milk to return to the teat. After that, he could be weak, he could be tempted by his desire, he could be overpowered by Shaytan, because the struggle between good and bad is unending, but the important thing is to be determined at the time of repentance not to return back to the sin.

The third: To withdraw practically from his sin: Repentance is the withdraw from sin to obedience, from evil to good, from the path of shaytaan to the path of Allah. It is imperative to change his ways, … change his companions, … replace a place with another, … replace persons with persons, as demonstrated in the hadith of the man who killed 100 persons, … and was advised to leave his community where evil reigns to a place where there are good people who worship Allah … The prophet – pbuh said: “And follow evil deed with good one to obliterate it.”
When all these conditions are complete then the repentance becomes acceptable.

IMPORTANT CONDITION
There is an important condition for repentance, if it is between a person and his Lord, the matter is simple, Allah will accept it without doubt, however the challenge is where there is a right between you and other people, particularly monetary rights, like debts. If you embezzle their money, or steal, or defraud them in trade, or you consume a property in your trust, then you must return it. Scholars say, you must return it and return its accrued profits. For instance, if you have One million naira, and it stays with you for ten years with profits. The mandatory thing for you is to return the principal amount and the accrued profit to the owner, because if it were to be with the owner it would have grown. It is reported in a sound hadith: “The matyr will be forgiven all sins except debt.” (Muslim). Whoever repents sincerely must return the rights to their owners, if the owners are late, then he should return to their heirs, if the heirs are late, he should return to the heirs of their heir.

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SECOND KHUTBAH
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, May His peace and blessings be upon Muhammad, family, companions and all believers till the last hour.
Dear faithful, we commence discussion on understanding Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah which we promised to be dosed in bits weekly, and today we shall discuss as follow:
Names of Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah: they are described with some nicknames ahich were derived from the hadith of the Prophet-pbuh, these include:
1- The saved sect (Al-firqah An-najiyah): the title was derived from the hadith of Abdullah bn ‘Amr bn Al-‘aas: he said: the messenger of Allah says: “Verily, it come upon my Ummah what came upon the children of Israel in the extent of a feet to feet, to the extent that if anyone of them copulate his mother in the open, there will be among my Ummah someone who will do that. Verily the children of Israel are divided into seventy-two sects, and my Ummah is divided into seventy-three sects, all of them will be in fire, except one sect. They say: Who will that be O messenger of Allah? He said: “(Those who are) on what I stand upon, and my companions.” (Tirmidhi, )
2- The victorious group (Al-toifah al-monsurah): this also ased on the hadith: “A group among my Ummah will not seize to be victorious in fighting for the truth till the day of resurrection.” (Muslim)
3- The righteous predecessors (As-salaf as-solih): The prophet- pbuh says: “The best of centuries is my century, then those after it,..” (Bukhari & Muslim)
Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”

Avoiding killing and protecting life

Ii The Name of Allah of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful,

 Text Being Fifth Sermon For The Month of Jumadal Ula, 14th J. Thaniyyah /1439AH (2nd Match, 2018) delivered by The Muslim Congress (TMC).

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, Who says: (وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَزْنُونَ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا) “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, nor commit fornication; – and any that does this (not only) meets punishment..” (25:68).

We praise Him, thank Him, we assert our belief in Him, and put in Him our trust. We seek refuge in Him from the evil of our souls, and deeds. And we bear witness that there is no God but Allah alone, the compassionate, the merciful, the oft-forgiving, and I bear witness that our master Muhammad is His servant and messenger.

May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be on him, his household, companions and whoever follow their guidance and footsteps till the day of accountability.

As to what follows:

Dear Muslims, I advise you all and myself to fear Allah, in the open and secret, because that is the objective of all acts of obedience and commands and prohibitions. Allah, the exalted says thus:
(يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا (70) يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا) “O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. ( 71 ) He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” (33:63).

Dear faithful, this is the seventh meet in the month of Jumadal thaniyyah, and we shall continue our discussion on the Attributes of the Servant of the Most Merciful, taking the seventh attribute which is “Avoiding killing and protecting life, as elucidated in Suratul Furqan having discussed; humility, forbearance, Qiyaamul-layl (Standing for prayers at night), being fearful of the fire, Moderation in spending and upholding Tawheed.

Dear Muslim brothers and sisters, we are still within the vastness of the Qur’an with the servants of the Most Merciful whom Allah is pleased with and are pleased with Him in Suratul-Furqaan.

We earlier stopped at the attribute described as: (وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ) “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, …” (25:68).
They do not invoke with Allah any other god, they do not worship any other god except Allah, they do not seek help except from Allah, alone, their slogan is: “Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek.” (1: 5)
By this, they preserve the first objective of the message of Allah to His servants, which is the creed; the belief. However, the heavenly messages and the divine laws did not come to protect the creed alone, they have come to protect blood, life, dignities and honours, and to protect the intellect, the lineage and properties. From this point, Allah links this attribute with another attribute saying: : (وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ) “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, …” (25:68).

The Qur’an connects killing with shirk (associating partner with Allah) due to the repugnance and enormity of this crime. Shirk is an aggression against religion, and killing is an aggression against life. Who are you that you would infringe against the life of others? This life is a trust in the custody of the person, how then you snatch it from others? Are you able to create a fly or mosquito that you would take the life of a believer with no just cause? Are you able to breathe a life in the smallest creature on earth? How could you dare to kill or spill blood?!

The religion came to prohibit blood spilling, it never permit for a man to assault other man without a just cause. Why would some people kill other people? Why would they kill innocent souls? The innocent soul is the life of the Muslim, or the soul of the Mu’aahid. He who says: “There is no god except Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah” his blood and properties are protected, except with justice. truth. Whoever takes a pledge with the Muslims to commit to the covenant and peace from a Muslim leader, or contract with a Muslim, it is not proper to infringe on him.

Even every person that engages the Muslims peacefully and refrain from infringing against them, it is not acceptable to slay, as Allah says: “… Therefore if they withdraw from you but fight you not, and (instead) send you (Guarantees of) peace, then Allah Hath opened no way for you (to war against them).” (4:90)
However, mankind, from time immemorial, have their desires override them to engage in killing one another for the reason a ephemeral worldly affair, or extraneous anger or out of envy, hatred or vying for any of the things of this world, or other things.

At the beginning when mankind was one family; consisting of a father and a mother and their children, this repugnant crime was committed, the killing by a son of Adam of his brother, as recounted in the Qur’an: And recite to them the story of Adam’s two sons, in truth, when they both offered a sacrifice [to Allah], and it was accepted from one of them but was not accepted from the other. Said [the latter], “I will surely kill you.” Said [the former], “Indeed, Allah only accepts from the righteous [who fear Him]. ( 28 ) If you should raise your hand against me to kill me – I shall not raise my hand against you to kill you. Indeed, I fear Allah, Lord of the worlds.( 29 ) Indeed I want you to obtain [thereby] my sin and your sin so you will be among the companions of the Fire. And that is the recompense of wrongdoers.” ( 30 ) And his soul permitted to him the murder of his brother, so he killed him and became among the losers. (Q5:27-30)

At the birth of humanity … at the birth of life, when man did not know how to bury the corpse of his brother, that was the first sinful crime on the surface of earth, Allah sent a crow to teach him how to bury the nakedness (disgrace) of his brother.

Right from long time ago, mankind have learnt aggression, he learnt evil, and it could be found among mankind an evil minded one who would kill his brother without committing any crime, and it could be found among mankind a righteous and humble Muslim who tells his his brother: ” If you should raise your hand against me to kill me – I shall not raise my hand against you to kill you. Indeed, I fear Allah, Lord of the worlds.” And it could be found he who his soul enticed him to kill his brother and he did.

There is no society that prepares for it the instrumentality to commit crime, as those who claim that criminals –all criminals- are victims of the society, and that it is the society that produces the criminal, and causes him to commit crime!! But the transgression of man against man is old, which crime is greater than aggression against life?

The Messenger was angered with this crime saying: “There would not be a life taken unjustly except that there will a burden of it on the first son of Adam because he was the first person who began killing.” (Ahmad, Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Nasaai, & Ibn Majah )

The Qur’an ended the story thus: () “Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption [done] in the land – it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely. And our messengers had certainly come to them with clear proofs. Then indeed many of them, [even] after that, throughout the land, were transgressors.” (5: 32)
Islam do not permit a Muslim to kill a Muslim: () “And never is it for a believer to kill a believer except by mistake.” (4: 92). The Qur’an dissociates itself in strong terms from the killing of a believer by his believing brother, except where that occurred by mistake without intent, and it provided payment of a compensation and expiation for that: () “and a compensation payment presented to the deceased’s family [is required]” (4:92)
The expiation is freeing of a believing slave. As a man is slain, it strives to give life to another man, the Qur’an describes freeing of a slave as giving life, because being enslaves is equivalent to lower death, and freedom as a new life.

And whoever does not find [one or cannot afford to buy one] – then [instead], a fast for two months consecutively, [seeking] acceptance of repentance from Allah, this is the easy provision at this moment.

Those who kill by mistakes with their vehicles, some of them thinks it is enough for them to pay the diyah (compensation), or that the insurance company pays the compensation and that there is nothing on them after that, No, it is obligatory on him to fast for two consecutive months in seeking acceptance of repentance from Allah. If he breaks the fast after a month or fifty seven days, before the completion of two months, he has to start again, so that he will learn not to make jest with people’s lives.

Some of those who perpetrate this act, perhaps it may not be described as killing by mistake. Examples of such people are the crazily dangerous, who drive on the streets as if they are exhibiting their muscles (strength), these are people who do not walk on the earth in humility with their cars like the attribute of the servants of the Most Merciful. These are people who kill people, and end their lives. I do not think such killing is by mistake, and it is not to be considered from the angle of mistake, rather it is from the angle of aggression, and it imperative to penalized with a different punishment greater than the punishment of killing by mistake.

Why would a believer kill a believer? Is there anything in this world that could necessitate the killing of a Muslim of his Muslim brother? This world do not weigh up to the weight of the wing of a mosquito in the sight of Allah, how then could a human kill his Muslim brother because of it? It is imperative for him to protect him and strive his effort for him, why then would he kill him?

The Qur’an says: () “But whoever kills a believer intentionally – his recompense is Hell, wherein he will abide eternally, and Allah has become angry with him and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment.” (4: 93)

Look at these great punishments: (his recompense is Hell), (wherein he will abide eternally), (Allah has become angry with him), (and has cursed him), (and has prepared for him a great punishment)
The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) says: “The termination of the world is more insignificant before Allah than the killing of a Muslim.” (Nisaai & Tirmidhi).

In another hadith: “If the people in the heaven and the earth conspire to spill the blood of a believer, Allah will throw them into the fire.” (Tirmidhi).

Ibn Majah reported that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) circumambulated round the Ka’bah and he said: “How pleasant is your scent! How great is you honour! By the One in whose hand is my life, the sanctity of (the blood of ) a believer is greater in honour than yours: his wealth, his blood, and that we think of him except good.”

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “Every Muslim is prohibited for every Muslim: his blood, property, and dignity” (Ahmad & Muslim).

He also said: “The believer is he who people are at peace with him in the wealth and lives.” (Ibn Majah, Ahmad, Ibn Hibaan, & AlHaakim).

How could it be conceived in the mind of a Muslim, after all these clear evidences, to stretch his sin to kill a man without a just reason? In the hadith of Ibn Mas’ud: “The first (thing) that will be decided among people on the Day of Judgment will pertain to bloodshed.” (Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Nasaai and Ibn Majah).

That means that the first thing to be decided before Allah on the day of judgement are concerning bloodshed, lives, this is to show the enormity of this matter.

Some of the companions, and the scholars among the Salaf believe that there is no repentance for the killer due to the enormity of his sin according to a narration fron some of them thus: “A believer will not cease to be in vastness of his religion, as long as he did not slain a forbidden blood.” This means that the evil of his crime will make difficult his life.

Every sin, it is hope that Allah may forgive it except these two sins: the sin of shirk (associating partner with Allah) and dying as an unbeliever, and the killing of a believer without a just cause. In addition to this is accomplice in the killing. Ibn Majah reported that the Prophet (pbuh): “He who assisted in killing a believer with even half a word, will meet Allah written in between his eyes: ‘The despaired from the mercy of Allah.” (Ibn Majah).
Sufyan bn ‘Uyaynah, the narrator of the hadith said: half a word means to say an incomplete word.

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, who says in the text of the verse: ” And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided. And remember the favor of Allah upon you – when you were enemies and He brought your hearts together and you became, by His favor, brothers. And you were on the edge of a pit of the Fire, and He saved you from it.

Thus does Allah make clear to you His verses that you may be guided.” (3: 103). May His peace and blessings be upon Muhammad, family, companions and all believers till the last hour.

Servant of Allah, one of the greatest calamity that befall this nation of Islam, weakening its strength, is that of disunity and segregation. Allah says: “O you who have believed, when you encounter a company [from the enemy forces], stand firm and remember Allah much that you may be successful. And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not dispute and [thus] lose courage and [then] your strength would depart; and be patient. Indeed, Allah is with the patient.” (8: 45-46)

After the fall of the Ottoman empire, the fundamental project of the western Christian colonizing power was to divide the unity of Muslim, and to divide its nation into small nations in order to maintain their hegemony and imposition over her. Especially the Nigerian Muslims are in more need of unity especially at this moment we are preparing for election. When the Christian organisations and denominations, more than 180 organisations wrote letter to the federal government for inclusion into the nation’s election process.

Some of the means to achieve unity:
1- Sound knowledge of the religion
2- Sincerity and sacrificing effort.
3- Sound education and training
4- Cooperation in the areas of our agreement
5- Establishment of dialogue on the fiqh of differences
6- Discarding confusion on Islamic personalities and organizations
7- Implanting spirit of love and brotherhood in individuals and organisations
8- Scholars to stand up to their role in the society.

It is suprising today to see some Muslims claiming some other Muslims are not among the Ahlus-Sunnah wal- Jamaa’ah.

But who are the Ahlus-Sunnah wal- Jamaa’ah? Obviously as in the name, they are those that take hold of the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh) in word and action, and in faith, openly and secretly.

Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”

The policy of Islam in fighting poverty

Text been Jumu’ah Khutbah Translation, 27th Rabi-Al-Awwal 1439AH, equivalent to 15th December, 2017, delivered at AL – Noor Masjid, ICICE, Wuse II, Abuja

All praise is due to Allah. I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship but Him and prophet Muhammad is His final emissary.

Fear Allah servants of Allah.

Few months back the discussion was on the FGN intervention for fighting poverty and the effort being done to make them devoid of elements (Riba, interest etc.) that make them not applicable or accessible by Muslims. I understand that lot of efforts are being put in to make that a reality. There is need commend and encourage all those who are sparing no effort to achieve that aim. May Allah reward them in abundance.

The discussion today is on the strategies put up by Islam to fight poverty. The strategies are theoretical and practical. Theoretical by shaping the mindset to abhor poverty. Muslims are enjoined to seek refuge in Allah from poverty. Prophet Muhammad used to say: “O Allah I ask You guidance, piety, chastity and final independence.” Muslim: 4898. He also says: “O Allah I ask you useful knowledge, good provision and good and acceptable deed.” Bukhari: 5859.

Practical by:
1. Compelling members of society to be productive.

2. Awareness and orientation. 3. Social responsibility.

The Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI) of the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) issued a research paper last month (Safar 1439, November 2017) titled: Islamic Finance Tools and Mechanisms to Alleviate Poverty.

The research contained horrible statistics about number of people deprived of food, clean water, shelter and education as well the gap between poor and rich people is getting wider on an unprecedented scale.

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The research states that Islam cured poverty from two dimensions: 1. Productivity: through economic development. Qur’an 67: 15.

2. Redistribution: through institution of Zakah among others. The tools and mechanisms proposed by the research are:

1. Zakah: (Compulsory alms giving) The research estimates annual Zakah due on wealth owned by Muslims worldwide is about: $137.5b.

It also mentioned that the World Bank have started considering studying Zakah and other poverty fighting instruments of Islam in order to put strategies for fighting poverty worldwide as stated by John Martin Page, Jr, Director, Poverty Reduction and Senior Advisor, Development Policy, 2000-2004.

2. Waqf (Enwoment Fund)
3. Sadaqah (Voluntry alms giving)
4.Al-Qard Al-Hasan: (Good Loan.) Examples are Al-Birr

Cooperative of Makkah who gives loan to the needy since 1419 H.

Another example is Akhwat of Pakistan, established in 2001.
5. Fighting extravagancy, food waste (especially in Ramadhan),

financial mismanagement

Vision 1440H/2020CE of the Islamic Development Bank focusses on Zakah and Waqf for reduction of poverty. Both institutions if well explored and harnessed could serve as social and national safety network. Microfinance is no less important.

Goodness in Dealings

Text been Jumu’ah Khutbah of 29th Muharram 1439AH, equivalent to 20th October, 2017 delivered AL – Noor Masjid, ICICE, Wuse II, Abuja

All praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We thank Him and seek refuge with Him from the evil of ourselves and the evil of our deeds.

He who Allah guides cannot be misguided by anyone and he who Allah sets astray cannot be guided by anyone.

I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone Who has no partner, likes or associates. I also bear witness that our master Muhammad is his servant and messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his household, his companions and those who follow their path till the last day.

Allah the exalted says: “O you who have believed, bow and prostrate and worship your Lord and do good – that you may succeed.” [22:77]

This is a call from Allah the exalted upon believers requesting them to run towards him with pious deeds in worship and dealings. All acts of obedience are considered acts of worshiping Allah by answering his call in doing what pleases him.

These include fulfilling the rights of Allah like believing in his oneness, prayer, fasting, pilgrimage and on the other hand showcasing goodness in dealing with people.

Actual religiousness is embodied practically in dealing with people and it is very wide; it comprises of all the dealings of a Muslim with others, his religiosity and his adherence to the rites of the religion. The messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Religion is sincerity (Alnasiha)”.

Alnasiha as mentioned in the hadith is sincerity, adherence to the rites of the religion and goodness in deeds and dealings.

Religiosity is about mending the relationship between a Muslim and his Lord by fulfilling Allah’s rights faithfully in terms of Oneness and true worship coupled with full submissiveness, obedience, glorification and respect.

He therefore submits his entire life to Allah through worship, Allah says: “Say, “Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the worlds.” [06:162]

Religiosity is also perfecting the relationship between a Muslim and other people including other creatures like animals and other non living things.

Adhering strictly to the commands and limits set by Allah through justice and goodness in preserving rights (of others), doing the compulsory, maintaining relations, spreading advice and halting oppression and harm towards one’s self and others.

Allah says: “Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded.” [16:90].

Also, the messenger (peace be upon him) said: “and behave decently towards people”. He also said: “The most perfect man in his faith among the believers is the one whose behavior is most excellent; and the best of you are those who are the best to their wives”.

Verily! Dealing with others in conjunction with what the religion sets is the heart of worship. Surely, backwardness in terms of relating with others has a very stringent consequence on one’s acts of worship which can lead to the loss of his rewards just because he abuses people in his dealings with them.

This is evident in the following hadith where the messenger (peace be upon him) asked: “”Do you know who is the bankrupt?” They said: “The bankrupt among us is one who has neither money with him nor any property”.

He said, “The real bankrupt of my Ummah would be he who would come on the day of resurrection with Salat, Saum and Sadaqah (charity), (but he will find himself bankrupt on that day as he will have exhausted the good deeds) because he abused others, brought calumny against others, unlawfully devoured the wealth of others, shed the blood of others and beat others; so his good deeds would be credited to the account of those (who suffered at his hand). If his good deeds fall short to clear the account, their sins would be entered in his account and he would be thrown in the (Hell) Fire”.

The latter has come forth with the “physical Islam” in terms of worship, with prayer, fasting and charity but he abuses creatures when it comes to dealings. Such person has falsely disjointed in his religiousness between the act of worship and behavior, he therefore struggled to fulfill the rights of Allah through worship and abandoned the rights of servants.

This no doubt shows weakness of Iman and Taqwa (fear of Allah) which in turn leads him to failing on the scale of justice on the day of resurrection.

Salat as the great pillar of Islam is not just mere movements of the body parts, rather, it trains who performs the salat on sticking to truth, justice, and abstaining from evil deeds. Allah says: “Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing” [29:45]

Zakat (charity) is not just a “monetary tax” but it is obedience and act of worship. It is about giving out and it is a medium of purification (of wealth and soul), strengthening of relationships between brothers and helping one another. Allah says: “Take, [O, Muhammad], from their wealth a charity by which you purify them and cause them increase, and invoke [Allah’s blessings] upon them.” [09:103]

Fasting is not a worship of just hunger, thirst and deprivation, but it is a season of training which enriches the heart with the fear of Allah and the body parts with orderliness and adherence. Allah says: “O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous” [02:183]. The messenger (peace be upon him) said: “If one does not avoid lies and false conduct, Allah has no need that he should abstain from his food and his drink.”

Hajj is not a season of tourism or exile, but it is a season of worship and educational course for purification, abstaining from worldly things and evils of both utterances and actions. Allah says: “so whoever has made Hajj obligatory upon himself therein [by entering the state of ihram], there is [to be for him] no sexual relations and no disobedience and no disputing during Hajj.” [02:197]

A true Muslim is the one who translates Islam an “attitudinal translation” so that he develops concrete manifestations of good character in his relationships, dealings, actions and sayings.

The messenger (peace be upon him) made good treatment in dealing with others as faith in its complete form, he Said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the last day, should not hurt his neighbor and whoever believes in Allah and the last day, should serve his guest generously and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should speak what is good or keep silent.”

He also said: “You will never be able to contain people with your money, rather, what contains them from you is smiling faces and good manners”

Umar Ibn Al-khattab (RA) asked a man to bring forth who he knows very well so that Umar (RA) entrusts him something. When the man brought whom he knows Umar asked: Are you his closest neighbor? The man said no. Then you have once accompanied him on a trip? The man said no. May be you related with him in Dirham and Dinar? The man said no. Umar said: May be you spotted him in the mosque raising his head and lowering it (meaning praying)? The man said yes. Umar said: Go away! Indeed you don’t know him.

Look at how Umar (RA) considered dealings as a scale for knowing how good people are, not manifestations of worship which even those with weak Iman can showcase just as the hypocrites do.

Allah says: “And when they stand for prayer, they stand lazily, showing [themselves to] the people and not remembering Allah except a little” [04:142].

Verily! Goodness in dealing with people is the key to their hearts and the shortest route to pleasing them. Though, treating people well doesn’t cost much, but its impact is enormous and great on minds and societies.

Therefore, whoever wants to live truly in his religion and religiosity should treat people with the best of attitudes. The messenger (peace be upon him) said: “No one of you becomes a true believer until he likes for his brother what he likes for himself”

Roger Garaudy was a French philosopher, French resistance fighter and a prominent communist author. He said, “I was among a group of French soldiers who were fighting Muslims during the Algerian uprising in 1960. I was caught by a group of Muslim fighters and then handed me over to one of them to execute me in the mountains. When it was just the two of us he asked: Do you hold any weapon? I told him no, I don’t have a weapon with me, he said: How do I kill a person who is not armed? Then he released me”.

Garaudy said: “And this incidence remained inspiring me in my heart for many years until I started studying Islam. I then became sure that this Muslim fighter was acting towards me from the angle of real Aqeeda and Islamic attributes. And this incidence had its core impact on my embracing Islam which shocked the world”.

Finally, O brothers and sisters, this is how good treatment unbelievably tilts hearts and this is how it helps in conquering minds and hearts.

This is also an indication of the greatness of Islam and the greatness of our beloved messenger peace be upon him who was the best example of good treatment towards others including his enemies. May Allah be pleased with him, his household, his companions and those who follow their path till the last day.

Lessons on Hajj, pilgrimage

Text been Jumu’ah Khutbah Translation, 5th Dhul al-Qa’da 1438AH, equivalent to 28th July 2017 delivered at AL – Noor Masjid, ICICE, Wuse II, Abuja.

All praise is due to Allah, we seek his help and forgiveness. We thank Him and seek refuge with Him from the evil of ourselves and the evil of our deeds. He who Allah guides cannot be misguided by anyone and He who Allah sets astray cannot be guided by anyone. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone who has no partner, likes or associates. I also bear witness that our master Muhammad is His servant and messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his household, his companions and those who follow their path till the last day.

O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].

O servants of Allah! Verily one of those deeds that results in true Taqwa (the fear of Allah) is Hajj which by performing it, Allah and his messenger are being obeyed. Seasons of goodness-praise be to Allah- are numerous and among them is Hajj which is by the corner.

First and foremost, what is the story of how Hajj was mandated upon servants? This began with an order from Allah towards his servant and messenger Ibrahim (peace be upon him) to perform Hajj and then call/enjoin people to perform it. Allah says: “And [mention, O Muhammad], when We designated for Abraham the site of the House, [saying], “Do not associate anything with Me and purify My House for those who perform Tawaf and those who stand [in prayer] and those who bow and prostrate.

And proclaim to the people the Hajj [pilgrimage]; they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass– That they may witness benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allah on known days over what He has provided for them of [sacrificial] animals. So eat of them and feed the miserable and poor. Then let them end their untidiness and fulfill their vows and perform Tawaf around the ancient House.”

That [has been commanded], and whoever honors the sacred ordinances of Allah – it is best for him in the sight of his Lord. And permitted to you are the grazing livestock, except what is recited to you. So avoid the uncleanliness of idols and avoid false statement, Inclining [only] to Allah, not associating [anything] with Him.

And he who associates with Allah – it is as though he had fallen from the sky and was snatched by the birds or the wind carried him down into a remote place. That [is so]. And whoever honors the symbols of Allah – indeed, it is from the piety of hearts.” [22:26-33]

Ibn Katheer mentioned in his Tafseer that after Allah ordered Abraham saying: “And proclaim to the people the Hajj [pilgrimage]” Abraham said: O Lord how do I announce/proclaim while my voice cannot reach them (people) all? Then Allah said to him; call and extending it is on Us. Abraham then stood on his standing place (maqaam Ibrahim) (some scholars said on Hijr-Ismail among others) then he (Abraham) said: O people your Lord has chosen a House for you (so come to it) to perform Hajj.

It is said that, all mountains lowered down into the soil until Abraham’s voice reached everywhere such that those in the wombs and backs heard him and answered his call everything that heard him, be it stone or tree. Also, every servant that Allah had decreed Hajj for from Abraham’s time till the day of resurrection answered the call saying: “Labbaykal Lahumma Labbaik”.

O Servants of Allah! From the aforementioned, we got to know the call of Allah to people on the tongue of his prophet Abraham to perform Hajj. Allah has revealed in his holy book an expression that mandates Hajj where he says: “And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House – for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves – then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds.” [03:97]

Also, in a hadith narrated by Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger (Peace be upon him) said: “(The superstructure of) al-Islam is raised on five (pillars), testifying (the fact) that there is no god but Allah, that Muhammad is His servant and messenger, and the establishment of prayer, payment of Zakat, Pilgrimage to the House (Ka’ba) and the fast of Ramadan.”

Abu Huraira also reported that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) delivered a Khutbah and said, “O people! Hajj (pilgrimage to the House of Allah) has been made incumbent upon you, so perform Hajj.” In this Hadith it is clear that Hajj is mandatory upon every Muslim male or female that is matured, sane and can afford.

Hajj Al-mabroor is the one that no sin is committed during it. The messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever performs Hajj (pilgrimage) and does not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commits sin, nor disputes unjustly (during Hajj), then he returns from Hajj as pure and free from sins as on the day on which his mother gave birth to him.”

He also said: “(The performance of) ‘Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous ‘Umrah; and the reward of Hajj Mabroor (i.e., one accepted) is nothing but Jannah.”

O servants of Allah! It is mandatory upon who intends Hajj to learn the injunctions governing it from “trusted” scholars so that he performs it in the right manner. Also, there are books authored by some of such scholars so we hope that O you pilgrim brother to get some of them.

Beware of performing a Hajj that is not in line with the teachings of the messenger (peace be upon him). Allah says: “Hajj is [during] well-known months, so whoever has made Hajj obligatory upon himself therein [by entering the state of ihram], there is [to be for him] no sexual relations and no disobedience and no disputing during Hajj.

And whatever good you do – Allah knows it. And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision is fear of Allah. And fear Me, O you of understanding.” [02:197]
May Allah bless us with performing a Hajj Al-mabroor.

Ten things to welcome Ramadan with

Below text been Jumu’ah Khutbah Translation for 21st Shaban 1438AH, equivalent to 19th May, 2017, delivered by Imam Muhammad Saleh Ahmad at Al -Noor Masjid, ICICE, Wuse II, Abuja.

All praise is due to Allah who blessed us with Iman (faith), and He mandated upon us to fast in the month of Ramadan so that we achieve satisfaction. We testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone, the great forgiver and we bear witness that our prophet Muhammad is Allah’s servant and messenger. Peace and blessings of Allah be upon our messenger, his household, his companions and those who follow their path till the last day.

O Muslims! We are about to witness a season among the seasons of goodness and blessing, Allah has specialized it with some special bounties; he revealed in it His best book to his best prophet. Allah has mandated upon us fasting it and his messenger has taught us to pray in its nights. It is a month in which the doors of the heavens are opened and the doors of hell are shut, in it there is a night that is better than a thousand months.

Verily, the companions and Tabi’un used to tighten belts for intensive worship during the month of Ramadan, they used to reduce their worldly struggle and create time for sitting in houses of Allah (mosques), they used to say: we will guard our fasting by not backbiting anybody. They used to recite and study the book of Allah extensively, they used the daytime for fasting and recitation and the night for prayers. They were making good use of each minute in righteous deeds. I ask Allah to help us in emulating them.

O brothers! It is expected of us to welcome Ramadan with some things embodied in our religion and were carried out by our pious predecessors may Allah have mercy upon them. These things are as follows:

1 Praying to Allah to spare you to reach the month of Ramadan in good health, and when you witness it and happen to site the crescent, you should say as the messenger of Allah said:

“O Allah! Let this month pass over us with blessings, iman, safety and in the belief of Islam. My Lord and your Lord is Allah”.

2 Praise and thank Allah for reaching Ramadan because it is a blessing from Allah that has been recurring on you, so you need to thank Him the exalted for that. Allah says: “And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ‘if you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favor]; but if you deny, indeed, my punishment is severe’ “.

3 Joyfully rejoicing for the coming of the month. It is narrated that our noble prophet (peace be upon him) used to give his companions glad tidings of the coming of Ramadan. Abu Huraira (RA) narrated that the messenger (peace be upon him) used to give glad tidings to the companions saying: “There has come to you Ramadan, a blessed month, which Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, has enjoined you to fast. In it the gates of heavens are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and every devil is chained up. In it Allah has a night which is better than a thousand months; whoever is deprived of its goodness is indeed deprived.”

4 Committing a sincere and genuine intention of making use of it in good deeds because he who is being true with Allah, Allah would treat him in best of ways. Allah says: “O you who have believed, fear Allah and be with those who are true” [09:119]

5 Understanding/Learning the provisions/injunctions of Ramadan because this is one of the areas (knowledge) that knowing them is mandatory. Always, a believer worships Allah with knowledge and foresight. Allah will not excuse you for being ignorant of the injunctions of what he has mandated upon you, which fasting is one of them. It is only crucial for you O my Muslim brother to learn and understand Allah’s injunctions pertaining fasting before the coming of the month, because that would help you get your fasting accepted by Allah. Anas Bin Malik narrated that the messenger said: “Seeking knowledge is a duty upon every Muslim (Male and Female)”.

6 We should welcome Ramadan by intending not to partake in sin or wrongdoing coupled with genuine repentance from all sins. This is a month of repentance; if you don’t repent now when will you do that! Allah says: “And O you believers! Repent you all together to Allah, that you may attain bliss”. [24:31]. Our prophet (peace be upon him) alway used to make istigfar extensively, and what do you think when Ramadan comes! Al-agar Ibn Yasar AlMuzany said that the messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Turn you people in repentance to Allah and beg pardon of Him. I turn to Him in repentance a hundred times a day”

7 Being absolutely proactive on carrying out the obligatory deeds like being conscious of the obligatory prayers and early attendance to Friday and congregational prayers. Giving the family their rights, fulfilling the rights of work/job, intensifying salat, remembrance of Allah and recitation of the holy Quran. It is unfortunate that some intensify the recitation of Quran in Ramadan but don’t turn to it until another Ramadan

8  Getting ready to feed the fasting Muslims in households and mosques because this is verily a pious deed. Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “He who provides a fasting person something with which to break his fast, will earn the same reward as the one who was observing the fast, without diminishing in any way the reward of the latter.” Try as much as you can to put smile on the face of the poor so that you get huge reward.

9 Among the preparatory steps of welcoming Ramadan, is getting prepared for da’awah (call to Allah). In the season of Ramadan, hearts are thirsty of hearing the truth and are more likely to accept it, so use that opportunity to remind people of their Lord and the blessings contained in Ramadan. Allah says: “And who is better in speech than he who invites to Allah…” [41:33]

10  It is also crucial for the Imams to intensify sessions of impacting knowledge in Ramadan. Finally, intensify this du’a; Allaahumma A’inni ala dhikrika wa shukrika wa husni ibadatika, meaning: O Allah help me in remembering you, in giving you thanks and worshipping you well.

The impact of Islam on civilisation

Below text been Jumu’ah Khutbah Translation for 14th Shaban 1438AH, equivalent to May 12, 2017, delivered by Imam Muhammad Saleh Ahmad at Al -Noor Masjid, ICICE, Wuse II, Abuja.

All praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We thank Him and seek refuge in Him from the evil of ourselves and the evil of our deeds. He who Allah guides cannot be misguided by anyone and he who Allah sets astray cannot be guided by anyone. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone Who has no partner, likes or associates.

I also bear witness that our master Muhammad is His servant and messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his household, his companions and those who follow their path till the last day. O servants of Allah! Verily the impact of Islam on civilization and its favors to mankind are divergent and remarkable as they are extended immensely to the extent of being noticed or felt in all aspects of life. Some of these favors are itemized as follows:

1. Islam has given mankind the doctrine of unadulterated monotheism: Man used to believe in empty claims, he enslaved nations and people severally, he turned the deaf stones into beautiful flowers and he blew the streams in the bellies of Mounties. He is the one who at times claim being god and he is the one who invented from technical materials then come with amazing things.

This same man prostrated to worthless things that don’t harm or benefit him in any way, things that don’t give or take nothing from him. Allah says: “O people, an example is presented, so listen to it. Indeed, those you invoke besides Allah will never create [as much as] a fly, even if they gathered together for that purpose. And if the fly should steal away from them a [tiny] thing, they could not recover it from him. Weak are the pursuer and pursued.” [22:73]

Sadly, man used to bow before things he engineered them himself, he fears them and wishes good from them, he spent his entire life in premonition and scruples. His life was therefore as a result of the aforesaid full of cowardice, languishment, ideological chaos, psychological anxiety, Lack of self-confidence and instability.

Islam then blessed man with the doctrine of pure monotheism with all simplicity. Mankind has not gained and shall never gain till the day of resurrection any favor that is tantamount to the bounty of monotheism. This doctrine (Of monotheism) says: The universe has a one supreme King who is its creator, maker, ruler, and its master. Allah says: “Whatever is in the heavens and earth exalts Allah, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. His is the dominion of the heavens and earth. He gives life and causes death, and He is over all things competent. He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, knowing. It is He who created the heavens and earth in six days and then established Himself above the Throne. He knows what penetrates into the earth and what emerges from it and what descends from the heaven and what ascends therein; and He is with you wherever you are. And Allah, of what you do, is seeing. His is the dominion of the heavens and earth. And to Allah are returned [all] matters. He causes the night to enter the day and causes the day to enter the night, and he is knowing of that within the breasts.” [57:1-6]

With this doctrine, man was freed from all fear and horror, he became not fearful of anyone but Allah, and he acquired the knowledge of certainty: that it is with Allah’s permission any good or harm befalls him, and that Allah is the Giver and the Taker, and He alone is the sponsor of mankind’s needs. The universe then changed in the eyes of man with this new acquired knowledge of his creator and with this tremendous discovery. He became afterwards shielded from all elements of slavery; from being fearful or anticipating something from his fellow creature; he became proud of himself and happy with his dignity; he came to know that he is a creature that is dignified by his creator and that he should not worship any deity but Allah the exalted.

2. The principle of human unity and equality: The prophet (Peace be upon him) announced after prolonged centuries of absolute silence and prevailing darkness; that amazing and mind-blowing announcement that changed humanity in Toto, He said: “O People! Your Lord is One and your father is one, you are all Adam’s offspring and Adam was created from clay. In the sight of Allah, the most noble of you is he who fears Him most. There is no superiority between Arabs and non-Arabs except in terms of piety”.

This announcement comprises of two major factors that peace and tranquility depend upon, they are: Oneness of God and oneness of humanity. Man is a brother to a fellow man from two angles: They are brothers that are from same basis because the Lord that created them is one and they are brothers from the angle of reproduction because their father is one (Adam). Allah says: “O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.” [04:01]

3. Restoration of respect and rights of women: Verily the verses of the holy Quran that talk about women showcase absolute confidence in them and their position in the society and in the sight of Allah. Such verses explain the ability of women to reach high levels of religiousness, knowledge, service to humanity and creating a healthy and pious society. Always, such verses couple women with men in terms of getting deeds accepted, success and happiness in the hereafter.

Allah says: “And whoever does righteous deeds, whether male or female, while being a believer – those will enter Paradise and will not be wronged, [even as much as] the speck on a date seed.” [04:124] He also says: “The believing men and believing women are allies of one another. They enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. Those – Allah will have mercy upon them. Indeed, Allah is exalted in Might and Wise.” [09:71] Annie Besant, the British socialist and women’s rights activist said: The Islamic law regarding women is one of the finest laws that emerged in this world and it is the most fair.

4. Fighting despair and pessimism through giving hope and confidence: The prophet (peace be upon him) frankly announced that man is worthy and responsible for his life, he deserves reward or punishment (Paradise or Hell) based on his deeds and he will not be asked on the actions of others. Allah says: “That no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another and that man can have nothing but what he does (good or bad). And that his effort is going to be seen – Then he will be recompensed for it with the fullest recompense and that to your Lord is the finality” [53:38-42].

Islam has also announced that it is human for you and I to commit sin and that sinning is a stage that man must pass through in his life. Man finds himself in the shackles of sin due to ignorance or his short look on things at times. After all, goodness, confession and regret are fundamental to man’s creation. Repentance to Allah, supplication and a firm determination not to return to that same sin are evident of man’s dignity.

5. Finding an everlasting (holy) link between religion and knowledge: The prophet (peace be upon him) said: “If anyone travels on a road in search of knowledge, Allah will cause him to travel on one of the roads of Paradise. The angels will lower their wings in their great pleasure with one who seeks knowledge, the inhabitants of the heavens and the Earth and the fish in the deep waters will ask forgiveness for the learned man. The superiority of the learned man over the devout (Aabid) is like that of the moon, on the night when it is full, over the rest of the stars. The learned are the heirs of the Prophets, and the Prophets leave neither dinar nor dirham, leaving only knowledge, and he who takes it takes an abundant portion.”

O servants of Allah! Islam with its great contributions and numerous favors to mankind deserves every glorification from the entirety of mankind. It is not reasonable for some to defame or deny its favors, after all, the impacts and favors are visible in the life and civilization of mankind. Islam is the religion of truth that Allah accepts from his servants, it is therefore “Islam of mercy” brought by the “prophet of mercy” Muhammad (peace be upon him). Finally, Islam remains a light from Allah that he guides with it that he wishes among his servants, and mankind will forever find their way out of any darkness, tribulations and troubles through Islam.

The importance of water in Islam

Text being Jumu’ah Khutbah Translation, 10th Rajab 1438AH, equivalent to 7th April 2017 delivered at the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah, Okene Kogi State Nigeria, by Imam Murtadha Muhammad.

The Name Of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Verily, all praise is for Allah, we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of our own souls [and from our bad deeds. Whomsoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whomsoever Allah leaves astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, [alone and without any partner] and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

“O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allah.” [Ali Imran 3:102]

“O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person, and from him He created his wife, and from them both He created many men and women, and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship) Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you).” [al-Nisa’ 4:1]

“O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth). He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger (SAW) he has indeed achieved a great achievement (i.e. he will be saved from the Hellfire and made to enter Paradise).” [al-Ahzaab 33:70-71]

As to what proceeds: Verily the best of speech is the Book of Allah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (SAW). The worst of affairs are the newly invented affairs in the religion and every newly invented affair in the religion is an innovation and every innovation is misguidance and all misguidance is in the hellfire. As to what proceeds:

Servants of Allah! World Water Day is an annual global event celebrated on 22 March. The day focuses attention on the importance of universal access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) facilities in developing countries. The day also focuses on advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.

As reported, Nigeria joins the rest of the World in celebrating the 2017 World Water Day with a walking exercise to be led by the Minister of Water Resources, Engineer Suleiman H. Adamu from Eagle Square to NTA Headquarters, Area 11 Abuja.

The Day is an annual global event usually celebrated every year to create awareness on water resources management and also to evaluate the activities and partners in the sector.

In the event, the Minister of Water Resources, Engineer Suleiman H. Adamu blamed state governments for the severe water shortage in all parts of the country. He declared that it was the duty of the states and the local governments to provide potable water to citizens. The role of the Federal Government, he said, is to give a helping hand now and then, and to provide good policy.

Brothers and Sisters! The theme for this year’s celebration is, “Water and Wastewater” and is expected to highlight the symbiosis between water and wastewater in the quest for sustainable development, and also create an opportunity to consolidate and build upon the previous World Water Days. It would also help to get the latest update on how waste water is perceived as a valuable resource in the development of the economy.

The Federal Ministry of Water Resources, in conformity with global practices, has also lined up other activities to mark the Day. The activities include Press briefing at NTA Headquarters after the Walk Exercise and Symposium/Exhibition at the NAF Conference Center, Ahmadu Bello Way, Kado, Abuja.

Brothers and Sisters! As water has become a matter of concern for the modern world and its international organizations, such as the UN- officially designating a yearly World Water Day observed on 22 March, Islam was the first to place such importance on the matter. Being the most important element of nature, and therefore the very basis for all life on Earth, water in Islam in terms of importance and necessity is as old and deep-rooted as the religion itself. Islam is a comprehensive way of life-based on the guidance of Allah.

That’s why it came for the good of humanity – for man’s well-being and welfare in this life and in the hereafter, calling for every good and prohibiting every evil. As a comprehensive way of life, Islam cares for environment and calls for protecting all its elements that keep life’s balance. The following are some aspects of Islam’s concern for water as a critical element in protecting life:

1- The Importance and Necessity of Water

There are tens of verses that talk about the importance and necessity of water as life-giving, and how important it is to protect and preserve this source of life on earth. Allah the highest said:

“Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were of one piece, then We parted them, and we made every living thing of water? Will they not then believe?” (Surah Al-Anbiya’, 21:30)

And He also said:

“Allah has created every animal of water. Of them is (a kind) that goes upon its belly and (a kind) that goes upon two legs and (a kind) that goes upon four. Allah creates what He will.” (Surah An-Nur, 24:45)

And:

“It is He Who has created man from water: then He has established relationships of lineage and marriage.” (Surah Al-Furqan, 25:54)

In another place in the Noble Qur’an, Allah speaks of such importance differently:

“And we send down from the sky water in measure, and We give it lodging in the earth, and lo! We are Able to withdraw it.” (Surah Al-Mu’minun, 23:18)

Being sent “in measure” means, as Allah indicates, that water is a highly valuable and precious resource. So if it is not used efficiently, it is therefore in Allah’s power to “withdraw it.”

About the blessings arising from water, Allah says:

“Then We produce for you therewith gardens of date-palms and grapes, wherein is much fruit for you and whereof you eat.” (Surah Al-Mu’minun, 23:19)

2- Islam Forbids Wastage and Water Misuse

Islam is a moderate religion standing firmly against abuse and overuse of anything. Allah said:

“And waste not by excess, for Allah loves not the wasters.” (Surah Al-A`raf 7:31)

And:

“And squander not in the manner of a spendthrift. Verily spendthrifts are brothers of the evil ones (Satan), and the evil one is to his Lord (himself) ungrateful.” (Surah Al-Isra’, 17:26-27)

My respected people! Also, there are many hadiths that forbid the abuse of water as Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) urged moderation and thriftiness in the use of water during ablution. Upon seeing a man making ablution and using too much water, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“What is this waste?” The man said: “Is there waste in ablution also, O Messenger of Allah?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Yes, even if you were near a flowing river.” (Ibn Majah)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) manifested these words with action:

“Narrated Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) used only one mudd (equals a handful of an average-sized man) of water for ablution and one sa’i (equivalent to four mudds) of water for his bath.” (Agreed upon)

3- Islam Prohibits Monopoly

Due to the essential role water plays in life, Islam prohibits monopoly or exclusive control of some people over water resources. Being a gift from Allah needed by all people, water should be freely available to all, and any Muslim or any person who withholds and deprives others of it commits a great sin. That’s why I pity any Government that failed to provide good drinking water to its people.

Inciting believers to share the earth’s resources, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“All individuals share alike in three things: water, pasture, and fire.” (Abu Dawud, Ahmad and Ibn Majah)

Also, Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet said:

“Don’t withhold excess water so as to prevent there with the (growth of) additional herbage.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

4- Giving Water in Charity

Supplying water to those who don’t have easy access to it is an appreciated good deed in Islam. As we see in the following hadith, a drink of water is considered a charity by the Prophet. Reported Ibn Abbas, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Every kindly word is a charity; help rendered by a man to his brother is charity; a drink of water given to someone is charity, and the removal of harmful objects from the road is charity.” (Al-Bukhari, Ibn Hibban, and Al-Albani)

Thus, the simple deed of giving water to others is a way for a Muslim to get closer to Allah. In another hadith the Prophet said:

“Receiving your friend with a smile is sadaqah (charity), helping people load their animals is charity, and pouring some water in your neighbour’s bucket is also charity.” (At-Tirmidhi)

Servants of Allah! Not only for humans, a drink of water given to an animal, a dog, a charity in Islam: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“While a man was walking he felt thirsty and went down a well and drank water from it. On coming out of it, he saw a dog panting and eating mud because of excessive thirst. The man said, ‘This (dog) is suffering from the same problem as that of mine.’ So he (went down the well), filled his shoe with water, caught hold of it with his teeth and climbed up and watered the dog. Allah thanked him for his (good) deed and forgave him.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Is there a reward for us in serving (the) animals?” He replied, “Yes, there is a reward for serving any animate being.” (Al-Bukhari)

Also Abu Hurayrah reported Allah’s Messenger as saying:

“There was a dog moving around a well, which thirst would have killed. Suddenly a prostitute from Bani Isra’il happened to see it and she drew water in her shoe and made it drink, and she was pardoned because of this.” (Muslim)

5- Digging Wells, Taps, Boreholes etc.

There are repeated encouragements by the Prophet for his real and sincere followers to do what is good and helpful to others. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Whosoever digs a well will receive a reward for that from Allah on the Day of Judgment when anyone amongst jinn, men and birds drinks from it.” (Al- Bukhari, and Muslim)

Thanks to the Prophet’s exhortations that Uthman ibn Affan (may Allah be pleased with him) purchased the well of Rumah and endowed its water for public use: “Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“The one who would dig the well of Rumah will enter Paradise.” So, Uthman dug it. (Al-Bukhari)

It is also considered a great act of “Sadaqah Jariyah” (continuous charity) to dig a well; to bring this critical source of life to those who have water supply problems, and don’t have easy access to it, like here in Nigeria.

6- Combating Water Pollution

As it is the Muslim’s duty to protect and conserve Allah’s creation, preserving water and safeguarding its purity is no exception, particularly with the critical role in preserving life on earth in mind. We must use water wisely and we have to save this resource and keep it clean and pure as much as possible. The Prophet, for example, warned against water pollution by forbidding urination in stagnant water. Reported Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Avoid the three actions that bring people’s curses: defecating in water sources, on roads, and in the shade.” (Ibn Majah)

The Prophet even taught us not to leave food or drink exposed overnight, in order to be protected from pollution or harmful creatures. He said:

“Cover the vessels and tie the waterskin, for there is a night in a year when pestilence descends, and it does not pass an uncovered vessel or an untied waterskin without some of that pestilence descending into it…” (Muslim)

Fellow Nigerians! As a universal religion born initially in the harsh deserts of Arabia to complete the Message of former Prophets and convey the Divine revelation in its last testament (Qur’an), Islam ascribes the most sacred qualities to water as a life-giving, sustaining, and purifying resource. It is the origin of all life on earth, the substance from which Allah created man (Qur’an 25:54). The Noble Qur’an emphasizes its centrality:

“We made from water every living thing.” (Qur’an 21:30)

Water also is the primary element that existed even before the heavens and the earth did. Allah said:

“And it is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and his Throne was upon water.” (Qur’an 11:7)

The water of rain, rivers, and fountains runs through the pages of the Qur’an to symbolize Allah’s benevolence:

“He sends down saving rain for them when they have lost all hope and spreads abroad His mercy.” (Qur’an 25:48)

At the same time, the believers are constantly reminded that it is Allah Who gives sweet water to the people and that He can just as easily withhold it:

“Consider the water which you drink. Was it you that brought it down from the rain cloud or We? If We had pleased, We could make it bitter.” (Qur’an 56:68-70)

In this verse the believers are warned that they are only the guardians of Allah’s creation on earth; they must not take His law into their own hands.

My Dear Brothers and Sisters! In Islam major importance is placed upon purity and cleanliness, but also the essential role water plays in Islam. Purification through ablution is an obligatory component of the Islamic prayer ritual; prayers carried out in an impure state are not valid. This means Muslims are obliged to carry out ritual ablution before each of the five daily prayers. In addition, a more thorough ritual is required on specific occasions. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) urged moderation and thriftiness in the use of water during ablution.

The harsh desert climate of Arabia, the Near East, and Saharan North Africa makes water a highly valuable and precious resource. Islamic Law goes into great detail on the subject of water to ensure the fair and equitable distribution of water within the community.

The Arabic word for Islamic Law “Shari`ah” itself is closely related to water. It is included in early Arab dictionaries and originally meant “the place from which one descends to water.” Before the advent of Islam in Arabia, the Shari`ah was, in fact, a series of rules about water use: the shir`at al-maa’ were the permits that gave the right to drinking water. The term later was technically developed to include the body of laws and rules given by Allah.

My people! Water is a gift from Allah. It is one of the three things that every human is entitled to grass (pasture for cattle), water, and fire. Water should be freely available to all, and any Muslim or any person who withholds unneeded water  sins against Allah:

“No one can refuse surplus water without sinning against Allah and against man.”

Also, the Prophetic Traditions say that among the three people Allah will ignore on the Day of Resurrection there will be “the man who, having water in excess of his needs refuses it to a traveler.” (Reported by Bukhari)

Servants of Allah! The Qur’anic metaphors in which water is used to symbolize Paradise, righteousness and Allah’s mercy are quite frequent. From the numerous Qur’anic references to cooling rivers, fresh rain, and fountains of flavored drinking water in Paradise, we can deduce that water is the essence of the gardens of Paradise. It flows beneath and through them, bringing coolness and greenery, and quenching thirst. The believers will be rewarded for their piety by:

“Rivers of stagnant water; and rivers of milk unchanging in taste, and rivers of wine, delicious to the drinkers, and rivers of honey purified.” (Qur’an 47:15)

The water in Paradise is never stagnant; it flows, rushes, unlike the festering waters of Hell. The Qur’an also equates the waters of Paradise with moral uprightness:

“In the garden is no idle talk; there is a gushing fountain.” (Qur’an 88:11-12)

The many specific statements about the topography of Paradise in the Qur’an led to many attempts to map Paradise. Throughout history, Muslim rulers from Moorish Spain to Persia sought to reproduce the image of Paradise in the design of their palace gardens, creating elaborate water features, pools, and fountains. The gardens of the Alhambra in Spanish Granada, the Bagh-é-Tarikhi in Iran’s Kashan, and the gardens of the imperial palaces in Morocco’s Marrakesh all testify to this desire to emulate Qur’anic Paradise on earth. All are designed around water features and fountains that have been subtly woven into the layout of the beautiful parks, hence combining water and the beauty of the natural landscape to fill the human soul with faith, joy, and happiness.

Brothers and Sisters! To indicate how important the water is in Islam, the Arabic word ‘Maa’ ‘water’ is mentioned more than 63 times in the Noble Quran and there are also many references to rain, snow, and ice. Moreover, as I said, the Quran clearly condemns the wasting of water.

The Prophet Muhammad sees one of his Companions, Sa’ad, performing the ritual ablution wudu that is required before prayer. As Sa’ad is using a lot of water, the Prophet Mohammad asks him:

“Why are you wasting water like this?” Sa’ad is surprised and asks whether it is possible to waste water during ablution. To this the Prophet responds that one must never waste water, even on the banks of a flowing river.” Allahu Akbar!

Brothers and Sisters! Providing clean safe drinking water is a critical function of local, state and federal government agencies.

Yes, ideally the Government should provide free clean drinking water for all its citizens. Diarrhea/Cholera kills several men and children every day around the world. In Africa, it is the leading killer of children under 5 years old, causing more deaths than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined. But there are very simple solutions to this problem – clean drinking water, hygienic toilets and effective hand washing. Providing people in our countries with access to clean drinking water, effective sanitation and education on the importance of good hygiene practice are some of the most cost effective ways of achieving real results in health. It helps them beat poverty and can help to prevent millions of unnecessary deaths every year.

Therefore, I urge our state governments to commit to the provision of pipe borne water for every community and every citizen in the country. It is the most basic utility for civilized existence. It is the least any state government can do for its citizens.

They should know that Governments which are unable to provide potable water for their citizens are failing in their most basic duty. They should do everything that they can to live up to this critical responsibility.

Servants of Allah! I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray that He lets us recognize the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O, Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us, Ameen.

My respected people! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Al-Mighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving Most Merciful.

Begging

Text being Jumu’ah Khutbah Translation, 10th Rajab 1438AH, equivalent to 7th April 2017 delivered at AL – NOOR MASJID, ICICE, WUSE II, ABUJA by Imam Muhammad Auwal Adam

All praise is due to Allah, we seek his help and forgiveness. We thank him and seek refuge with him from the evil of ourselves and the evil of our deeds. He who Allah guides cannot be misguided by anyone and he who Allah sets astray cannot be guided by anyone. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone who has no partner, likes or associates. I also bear witness that our master Muhammad is his servant and messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his household, his companions and those who follow their path till the last day.

O servants of Allah fear Allah the exalted who says in his book: “

O Muslims! Allah has created man in this world and honored him in the best of ways, he (Subhanahu wa ta’ala) certainly created man in the best of stature.

The shariah has come from the One, All-wise, All-knowing, knower of secrets of the universe, knower of what would repair mankind, and what would benefit them in their worldly life and the hereafter. Allah says: “
And fear a Day when you will
be returned to Allah. Then every soul will be compensated for what it earned, and they will not
be treated unjustly.” [02:281]
And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out and will
provide for him from where he does not expect.” [65:3&4]

We should know O servants of Allah that we were not created for the purpose of gathering

wealth or regarding it our uppermost goal. Wealth is neither absolute goodness that we

shouldn’t sacrifice most of our thinking on nor it is absolute evil that we devout our strength in

finishing it. Rather, Wealth is categorized to be a good one when it is used in goodness, and on

the other hand, it is evil when its owner does not regard in the course of gathering it any laws

set by Allah. The prophet (peace be upon him) said: “

Two hungry wolves sent in the midst of a flock of sheep are no more destructive to them than a man’s greed for wealth and fame is to his Deen.” We should therefore fear Allah in our wealth, verily! Accumulating dirty wealth would

cause you nothing but tough reckoning and severe punishment on the Day of Judgment.

O Muslims! Verily begging people is affront to integrity, and a true believer is always far from what would temper his integrity. Begging really tempers with someone’s dignity and is capable of causing countless damages to the society like destroying the potentials of our children; spotting young boys and girls roaming about on the streets irresponsibly, among others.

Scholars have explained to us the position of begging in Islam and asking people without any genuine need. They said it is Haram because of its connection to three prohibited things:

Reporting Allah to his servants by depicting poverty and claiming the shortage of Allah’s bounties.

Degrading one’s self before someone other than Allah.

Harming/disturbing the person asked.

Ibn Al-Qayyim said: Asking someone other than Allah originally is Haram, (but it was permitted in the times of need and necessity) because it is unfairness to Allah’s right and unfairness to the right of who’s asked.

Allah the exalted in his magnificent book praised those pious servants that don’t ask people anything where he says: “

[02:273] This verse advocates leaving the act of asking absolutely because these pious servants were described in the verse as being restraint and they don’t voice

out their demand because if they do, they wouldn’t have been mistaken for self-sufficient.

Ibn Abbas said: “He who has lunch should not ask of dinner, and if he has dinner, he should not ask of lunch”.

It is narrated in Bukhari and Muslim, Ibn Umar said that the prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“A man who persists in begging people to give him charity, will come on the Day of Judgment and there will not be a piece of flesh on his face.”

Abu Huraira also reported that the messenger (PBUH) said: “The poor man (miskin) is not the one who goes round to the people and is dismissed with one or two morsels and one or two dates. They (the Prophet’s Companions) said: Messenger of Allah, then who is miskin? He said: He who does not get enough to satisfy him, and he is not considered so (as to elicit the attention of the benevolent people), so that charity way be given to him and he does not beg anything from people.”

Azzubair Ibn Al-Awwam narrated that the messenger of Allah said: “It is better for any of you to take a rope and cut some wood (from the forest) and carry it over his back and sell it, to preserve his dignity (as he is earning his own living), rather than ask a person for something and that person may give him or not.”

Narrated Abdullahi Ibn Mas’ud: The prophet (PBUH) said: “If one who is afflicted with poverty refers it to people, his poverty will not be brought to an end; but if one refers it to Allah, he will soon give him sufficiency, either by a speedy death or by a sufficiency which comes later.”

Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) heard a beggar begging after magrib then he (Umar) said to someone: get up and give this man dinner, then he heard him begging for the second time then he said: Didn’t I tell you to give this man dinner? He said: O Umar! I have given him.

An ignorant [person] would think them self-sufficient because of their

restraint, but you will know them by their [characteristic] sign. They do not ask people

persistently [or at all].”

Then Umar looked at the man (beggar) and under his hand is a container full of bread, then Umar said: You are not just asking (for what you will eat), but you are a merchant. He then took the container and sprinkled it (the bread) before the camels of charity, then he beat him with pearl and said don’t come back.

Qabisa bn Mukhariq al-Hilali said:

I was under debt and I came to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and begged from him regarding it. He said: Wait till we receive Sadaqa, so that we order that to be given to you. He again said: Qabisa, begging is not permissible but for one of the three (classes) of persons: one who has incurred debt, for him begging is permissible till he pays that off, after which he must stop it; a man whose property has been destroyed by a calamity which has smitten him, for him begging is permissible till he gets what will support life, or will provide him reasonable subsistence; and a person who has been smitten by poverty; the genuineness of which is confirmed by three intelligent members of this people; for him begging is permissible till he gets what will support him, or will provide him subsistence. Qabisa, besides these three every other reason, for begging is forbidden, and one who engages in such consumes that what is forbidden.

It was narrated that Hakim bin Hizam said:

“(Once) I asked Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) (for something) and he gave it to me. Again I asked and he gave (it to me). Again I asked and he gave (it to me). And then he said, “O Hakim! This property is like a sweet fresh fruit; whoever takes it without greediness, he is blessed in it, and whoever takes it with greediness, he is not blessed in it, and he is like a person who eats but is never satisfied; and the upper (giving) hand is better than the lower (receiving) hand.” Hakim added, “I said to Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم), ‘By Him Who sent you with the Truth, I shall never accept anything from anybody after you, till I leave this world.’ “Then Abu Bakr (during his caliphate) called Hakim to give him his share from the war treasure (like the other companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), he refused to accept anything. Then `Umar (during his caliphate) called him to give him his share but he refused. On that `Umar said, “O Muslims! I would like you to witness that I offered Hakim his share from this treasure and he refused to take it.” So Hakim never took anything from anybody after the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) till he died.

Finally, the verses and prophetic sayings talking about the prohibition of begging are more than what we mentioned. It is enough to know that begging brings abjectness and humiliation in this worldly life and in the hereafter. We should therefore O servants of Allah warn ourselves from this menace and fight this nuisance so that we altogether eliminate it from our society.

 

Honoring parent

Below text been Jumu’ah Khutbah Translation for 3rd Rajab 1438AH, equivalent to 31st March 2017, delivered by Imam Muhammad Saleh Ahmad at Al -Noor Masjid, ICICE, Wuse II, Abuja.

All praise is due to Allah who gives favors and bounties, he bestowed upon his servants’ great favors, and He ordered them to honor and obey their parents and preserve kinship.

I praise him for his grace and thank him for his mercy. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone who has no partner and I bear witness that our master Muhammad is his servant and messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his household and his companions.

O servants of Allah fear Allah as he should be feared and die not except in a state of Islam. You should know that Allah the exalted has blessed you with varieties of bounties so that you thank and worship him as he should be worshiped; worshiping him the exalted encompasses obedience in whatever he orders and staying away from what he prohibits. You should, therefore, act as he orders and abstain from what he forbids, purify your deeds towards him sincerely and attach your heart to him through remembrance in hope and fear.

Verily! Allah’s rights are the greatest of rights we must be cautious about, he created us from nothingness and he promised those who believe in him then obey him in their deeds with paradise. You should, therefore, O servants of Allah try to be close to his obedience sincerely by praying onto him alone and hoping from him so that you succeed with happiness both here and hereafter.

It is crucial to know that carrying out what Allah mandates upon us is part of obedience to Him; He the exalted has made it mandatory upon us to honor and obey parents.

Allah says:

“Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good” [04:36] He also says:

“And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment” [17:23]

He says in another chapter:

“Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the [final] destination” [31:14]. In the aforementioned verses, Allah the exalted has attached the rights of parents to his own rights so that he explains to us how mandatory it is and to affirm it.

The messenger (Peace be upon him) encouraged honoring parents and he explained its greatness then elaborated in best of ways. Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated a Hadith that Abdullahi Ibn Mas’oud (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I asked the messenger of Allah which deed was the best, he replied: Prayer at its appointed hour. I (again) said: Then what? He replied: Kindness to the parents. I (again) said: Then what? He replied: Earnest endeavor (Jihad) in the cause of Allah. Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that a person came to Allah’s messenger and said: Who among the people is most deserving of a fine treatment from my hand? He said: Your mother. He again said: Then who (is the next one)? He said: Again it is your mother (who deserves the best treatment from you).

He said: Then who (is the next one)? He said: Again, it is your mother. He (again) said: Then who? Thereupon he said: Then it is your father. Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn Al-As reported: A man came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (of Allah and said, “I swear allegiance to you for migration and Jihad, seeking reward from Allah.” He (صلى الله عليه وسلم (said, “Is any of your parents alive?

” He said, “Yes, both of them are alive.” He (صلى الله عليه وسلم (then asked, “Do you want to seek reward from Allah?”

He replied in the affirmative. Thereupon Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم (said, “Go back to your parents and keep good company with them”.

With these precious verses and prophetic guidance, it becomes obvious to you O Muslim how great the rights of parents are and how Allah and his messenger affirm and stress that.

Are your parents not the cause of your existence in this life? Were they not having sleepless nights because of your comfort? Did they not spend every exorbitant or cheap for the sake of your comfort? Did they not withstand a lot of hardship so that they make you happy? How often did your illness make them ill? How many times did they wish to be afflicted with your sickness instead of you? Were you not sleeping comfortably while they were guarding you?

And you don’t feel any of the aforementioned, until when you grow up; you reach the level they were aspiring for you; their happiness reaches where your health has reached; your mental and physical strengths become complete; when they expect from you a good return; you maltreat them and forget about honoring them, you deny their rights on you, you start treating them just like any other relative. Verily, such son is a disappointment to his parents; he rewards his parents with cruelty, disdain, and brutality.

Don’t you remember their kindness towards you? Is the reward for good [anything] but good? Don’t you fear the torment of your Lord? The fastest punishment is for those who cut the ties of kinship. It was narrated that the messenger (PBUH) said: “Allah will defer whatever wrong actions He wills until the Day of Rising except for tyrannical behavior, disobeying parents or cutting off relatives. He will punish the one who commits those things in this world before he dies”.

Allah says: “And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word. And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.” [17:23&24] We should know that honoring parents is part of obedience to Allah and his messenger; it is also among the best deeds.

Allah has mandated it even if the parents are not Muslims and doing well towards them is compulsory. When they order you to disobey Allah don’t obey them and don’t cut your fair treatment towards them. Allah says: “But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness” [31:15]

It is part of honoring parents after their demise; praying and seeking forgiveness for them as it is reported from the prophet (PBUH) that a man from Al-Ansar asked him and said: Messenger of Allah, is there any act of dutifulness which I can do for my parents after their death?’ He replied, ‘Yes.

There are four things: Supplication for them, asking forgiveness for them, fulfilling their pledges, and being generous to friends of theirs and extending kinship that you only have ties of kinship through your parents…” Finally, honoring parents is the cause of blessing in our lives, expansion of wealth, and a shield from the unwanted.

It is also the most powerful cause of getting honored by your children, it is how you treat others that you would be treated and the reward is proportional to actions. The messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Honor your parents, your children would honor you”