Attributes of The Servant of The Most Merciful (9): Avoiding killing

 In The Name of Allah of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful,

Text Being Fifth Sermon For The Month of Jumadal Ula, 21th J. Thaniyyah /1439AH (16th Match, 2018) delivered by The Muslim Congress (TMC).

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, Who says: (وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَزْنُونَ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا (68) يُضَاعَفْ لَهُ الْعَذَابُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَيَخْلُدْ فِيهِ مُهَانًا (69) إِلَّا مَنْ تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا فَأُولَئِكَ يُبَدِّلُ اللَّهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ حَسَنَاتٍ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا (70) وَمَنْ تَابَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَإِنَّهُ يَتُوبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَتَابًا ﴾) “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, nor commit fornication; – and any that does this (not only) meets punishment. (But) the Penalty on the Day of Judgment will be doubled to him, and he will dwell therein in ignominy,- Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allah will change the evil of such persons into good, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful,” (25:68-70). We praise Him, thank Him, we assert our belief in Him, and put in Him our trust. We seek refuge in Him from the evil of our souls, and deeds. And we bear witness that there is no God but Allah alone, the compassionate, the merciful, the oft-forgiving, and I bear witness that our master Muhammad is His servant and messenger. May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be on him, his household, companions and whoever follow their guidance and footsteps till the day of accountability.

As to what follows:

Dear Muslims, I advise you all and myself to fear Allah, in the open and secret, because that is the objective of all acts of obedience and commands and prohibitions. Allah, the exalted says thus:
(يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا (70) يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا) “O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. ( 71 ) He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” (33:63).

Dear faithful, this is the fourth sermon in the month of Jumadal thaniyyah, and we are continuing our discussion on the Attributes of the Servant of the Most Merciful, taking the ninth attribute which is “Sincere repentance” as elucidated in Suratul Furqan having discussed; humility, forbearance, Qiyaamul-layl (Standing for prayers at night), being fearful of the fire, Moderation in spending, upholding Tawheed, Avoiding killing and protecting life and Avoiding Zina.

Dear Muslim brothers and sisters, we are still within the vastness of the Qur’an with the servants of the Most Merciful whom Allah is pleased with and are pleased with Him in Suratul-Furqaan.
They are a set of people who do not get involved in the major sins of shirk of calling on other than Allah, murder, or zina. “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, nor commit fornication; – and any that does this (not only) meets punishment. (But) the Penalty on the Day of Judgment will be doubled to him, and he will dwell therein in ignominy.” These are major sins which punishment are doubled chastisement and perpetually repeating. This punishment is not like that of this world, not for a day or two, nor a month nor a year, rather it is forever. In addition to the accompanying humiliation in the fire, (and he will dwell therein in ignominy,), regardless of his status in life, and before men, he will be humiliated before Allah.
This is the case for he who commit any of those sins, however, is the door of opportunity closed against them? Would there be for them the chance to access mercy and pardon? Really Allah made some exception as He says: “Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allah will change the evil of such persons into good, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful,”. Thus Allah opened to them the door of repentance, this is the way of compassion of Allah with his servants. Allah knows their weakness, the domineering influence of their desire, the whisper of Shaytan and that man was created weak; many a time he gets incited into evil and sins, he could slip off his balance thus following the devil, therefore, Allah recognizes all that and He opened the door of repentance to His servants. He, Allah created them like that because He loves to accept repentance of His servants, His name is “Accepter of repentance”. “For Allah loves those Who turn to Him constantly And He loves those Who keep themselves pure and clean.” His name is “The Oft-forgiving” thus it is of His nature to forgive, and His name is “The Pardoner” thus it is of His nature to pardon. Thus, Allah did not make them as angel, but humans with wishes and desires, which could cause them to sin and seek forgiveness and Allah forgives them. In the hadith: “I swear by Him in whose hand is my soul, if you do not sin, Allah will take you away and bring a people who will be sinning, but will seek forgiveness and He will forgive them.” (Muslim and others)
Repentance cleanse the sins like water cleanses dirts, and he who repents from shirk, Allah accepts his repentance. “Say to the Unbelievers, if (now) they desist (from Unbelief), their past would be forgiven them; but if they persist, the punishment of those before them is already (a matter of warning for them).” (8:38) Islam cleanses what sins came before it, and repentance cleanses what came before it.
Some companions differ on the acceptance of repentance of the one who killed a soul, because the it affects rights of three: rights of the slain person; rights of the relative of the slain person; and the rights of Allah. They say when the killer repents, Allah pardons him and drops His right, and the relatives pardons and drop their right through resolution or receipt of blood money, then there remains the right of the slain. But the correct view is that when he does a sincere repentance, and the relatives of the slain pardon him, Allah will accept it by making the slain pleased with him on the day of resurrection. Repentance covers all sin; as Allah mentions Shirk, murder, and fornication, he says: “Unless he repents…” covering all the three sins.

What is acceptable repentance?
The sincere repentance is that which is free from deceit, that is a repentance that is not fraud, not like the repentance of liars, who claim to repent with their tongues but their hearts are bent on sins. The pillars of acceptable repentance are the following:

First: Regretful: Anas and some of the companions of the Prophet-pbuh were asked: “Did the Prophet say: ‘Regret is repentance? He said: ‘Yes’. This means it is the greatest of the pillars of repentance, as it he said: “The hajj is ‘Arafat” (Ahmad, Ibn hibban, Hakim, Darqutni, and Bayhaqi). Regret is to be sorrowful and saddened, the grief that consumes the heart, internally when he remembers he sinned against Allah, he is not at peace, he could not sleep, engulfing his day and night. It is a feeling of deficiency before Allah, he realizes his sins against Allah, and the kindness of Allah towards him. In an alqudsi hadith: “I and the Jinns and men are in a great reality; I created (them) but they worship other than Me, I provide for (them) but they thank other than Me.” (Hakim, Tirmidhi, Bayhaqi). “My favour to the servants descends, but their evil ascend, I engulf them with My favour, for I am free of all needs from them, they instigate My anger with sins, but they are greatest in need before Me.”
Whoever intends repentance should remember the favours of Allah, then his sins against Allah, that produces a feel of regret, which dissolves in the heart, like the salt dissolves in water. Allah describes the psychological feeling of those who repent is suratul taubah thus: (﴿ وَعَلَى الثَّلَاثَةِ الَّذِينَ خُلِّفُوا حَتَّى إِذَا ضَاقَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الْأَرْضُ بِمَا رَحُبَتْ وَضَاقَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ أَنْفُسُهُمْ وَظَنُّوا أَنْ لَا مَلْجَأَ مِنَ اللَّهِ إِلَّا إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ تَابَ عَلَيْهِمْ لِيَتُوبُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ ﴾ [التّوبة : 9/ 118]) “(He turned in mercy also) to the three who were left behind; (they felt guilty) to such a degree that the earth seemed constrained to them, for all its spaciousness, and their (very) souls seemed straitened to them,- and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah (and no refuge) but to Himself. Then He turned to them, that they might repent: for Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.” (9:118)

Check the statement: “the earth seemed constrained to them, for all its spaciousness,” the earth seemed constrained to them despite its vastness, their souls closed up against them, “and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah (and no refuge) but to Himself.”. This is the feeling of the repenting one and the meaning of regret.

The second: A strong resolve not to return to the sin: There is no repentance except with this determination. But if he repents but still stays in between, tilting towards the sin, his mind still attached to the sin, and still thinks about it, then this is no repentance. It is imperative to be firmly decisive, at the time of repenting, not to return to sin, as it is impossible for the extracted milk to return to the teat. After that, he could be weak, he could be tempted by his desire, he could be overpowered by Shaytan, because the struggle between good and bad is unending, but the important thing is to be determined at the time of repentance not to return back to the sin.

The third: To withdraw practically from his sin: Repentance is the withdraw from sin to obedience, from evil to good, from the path of shaytaan to the path of Allah. It is imperative to change his ways, … change his companions, … replace a place with another, … replace persons with persons, as demonstrated in the hadith of the man who killed 100 persons, … and was advised to leave his community where evil reigns to a place where there are good people who worship Allah … The prophet – pbuh said: “And follow evil deed with good one to obliterate it.”
When all these conditions are complete then the repentance becomes acceptable.

IMPORTANT CONDITION
There is an important condition for repentance, if it is between a person and his Lord, the matter is simple, Allah will accept it without doubt, however the challenge is where there is a right between you and other people, particularly monetary rights, like debts. If you embezzle their money, or steal, or defraud them in trade, or you consume a property in your trust, then you must return it. Scholars say, you must return it and return its accrued profits. For instance, if you have One million naira, and it stays with you for ten years with profits. The mandatory thing for you is to return the principal amount and the accrued profit to the owner, because if it were to be with the owner it would have grown. It is reported in a sound hadith: “The matyr will be forgiven all sins except debt.” (Muslim). Whoever repents sincerely must return the rights to their owners, if the owners are late, then he should return to their heirs, if the heirs are late, he should return to the heirs of their heir.

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SECOND KHUTBAH
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, May His peace and blessings be upon Muhammad, family, companions and all believers till the last hour.
Dear faithful, we commence discussion on understanding Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah which we promised to be dosed in bits weekly, and today we shall discuss as follow:
Names of Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah: they are described with some nicknames ahich were derived from the hadith of the Prophet-pbuh, these include:
1- The saved sect (Al-firqah An-najiyah): the title was derived from the hadith of Abdullah bn ‘Amr bn Al-‘aas: he said: the messenger of Allah says: “Verily, it come upon my Ummah what came upon the children of Israel in the extent of a feet to feet, to the extent that if anyone of them copulate his mother in the open, there will be among my Ummah someone who will do that. Verily the children of Israel are divided into seventy-two sects, and my Ummah is divided into seventy-three sects, all of them will be in fire, except one sect. They say: Who will that be O messenger of Allah? He said: “(Those who are) on what I stand upon, and my companions.” (Tirmidhi, )
2- The victorious group (Al-toifah al-monsurah): this also ased on the hadith: “A group among my Ummah will not seize to be victorious in fighting for the truth till the day of resurrection.” (Muslim)
3- The righteous predecessors (As-salaf as-solih): The prophet- pbuh says: “The best of centuries is my century, then those after it,..” (Bukhari & Muslim)
Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”

Avoiding killing and protecting life

Ii The Name of Allah of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful,

 Text Being Fifth Sermon For The Month of Jumadal Ula, 14th J. Thaniyyah /1439AH (2nd Match, 2018) delivered by The Muslim Congress (TMC).

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, Who says: (وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَزْنُونَ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا) “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, nor commit fornication; – and any that does this (not only) meets punishment..” (25:68).

We praise Him, thank Him, we assert our belief in Him, and put in Him our trust. We seek refuge in Him from the evil of our souls, and deeds. And we bear witness that there is no God but Allah alone, the compassionate, the merciful, the oft-forgiving, and I bear witness that our master Muhammad is His servant and messenger.

May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be on him, his household, companions and whoever follow their guidance and footsteps till the day of accountability.

As to what follows:

Dear Muslims, I advise you all and myself to fear Allah, in the open and secret, because that is the objective of all acts of obedience and commands and prohibitions. Allah, the exalted says thus:
(يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا (70) يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا) “O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. ( 71 ) He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” (33:63).

Dear faithful, this is the seventh meet in the month of Jumadal thaniyyah, and we shall continue our discussion on the Attributes of the Servant of the Most Merciful, taking the seventh attribute which is “Avoiding killing and protecting life, as elucidated in Suratul Furqan having discussed; humility, forbearance, Qiyaamul-layl (Standing for prayers at night), being fearful of the fire, Moderation in spending and upholding Tawheed.

Dear Muslim brothers and sisters, we are still within the vastness of the Qur’an with the servants of the Most Merciful whom Allah is pleased with and are pleased with Him in Suratul-Furqaan.

We earlier stopped at the attribute described as: (وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ) “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, …” (25:68).
They do not invoke with Allah any other god, they do not worship any other god except Allah, they do not seek help except from Allah, alone, their slogan is: “Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek.” (1: 5)
By this, they preserve the first objective of the message of Allah to His servants, which is the creed; the belief. However, the heavenly messages and the divine laws did not come to protect the creed alone, they have come to protect blood, life, dignities and honours, and to protect the intellect, the lineage and properties. From this point, Allah links this attribute with another attribute saying: : (وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ) “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, …” (25:68).

The Qur’an connects killing with shirk (associating partner with Allah) due to the repugnance and enormity of this crime. Shirk is an aggression against religion, and killing is an aggression against life. Who are you that you would infringe against the life of others? This life is a trust in the custody of the person, how then you snatch it from others? Are you able to create a fly or mosquito that you would take the life of a believer with no just cause? Are you able to breathe a life in the smallest creature on earth? How could you dare to kill or spill blood?!

The religion came to prohibit blood spilling, it never permit for a man to assault other man without a just cause. Why would some people kill other people? Why would they kill innocent souls? The innocent soul is the life of the Muslim, or the soul of the Mu’aahid. He who says: “There is no god except Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah” his blood and properties are protected, except with justice. truth. Whoever takes a pledge with the Muslims to commit to the covenant and peace from a Muslim leader, or contract with a Muslim, it is not proper to infringe on him.

Even every person that engages the Muslims peacefully and refrain from infringing against them, it is not acceptable to slay, as Allah says: “… Therefore if they withdraw from you but fight you not, and (instead) send you (Guarantees of) peace, then Allah Hath opened no way for you (to war against them).” (4:90)
However, mankind, from time immemorial, have their desires override them to engage in killing one another for the reason a ephemeral worldly affair, or extraneous anger or out of envy, hatred or vying for any of the things of this world, or other things.

At the beginning when mankind was one family; consisting of a father and a mother and their children, this repugnant crime was committed, the killing by a son of Adam of his brother, as recounted in the Qur’an: And recite to them the story of Adam’s two sons, in truth, when they both offered a sacrifice [to Allah], and it was accepted from one of them but was not accepted from the other. Said [the latter], “I will surely kill you.” Said [the former], “Indeed, Allah only accepts from the righteous [who fear Him]. ( 28 ) If you should raise your hand against me to kill me – I shall not raise my hand against you to kill you. Indeed, I fear Allah, Lord of the worlds.( 29 ) Indeed I want you to obtain [thereby] my sin and your sin so you will be among the companions of the Fire. And that is the recompense of wrongdoers.” ( 30 ) And his soul permitted to him the murder of his brother, so he killed him and became among the losers. (Q5:27-30)

At the birth of humanity … at the birth of life, when man did not know how to bury the corpse of his brother, that was the first sinful crime on the surface of earth, Allah sent a crow to teach him how to bury the nakedness (disgrace) of his brother.

Right from long time ago, mankind have learnt aggression, he learnt evil, and it could be found among mankind an evil minded one who would kill his brother without committing any crime, and it could be found among mankind a righteous and humble Muslim who tells his his brother: ” If you should raise your hand against me to kill me – I shall not raise my hand against you to kill you. Indeed, I fear Allah, Lord of the worlds.” And it could be found he who his soul enticed him to kill his brother and he did.

There is no society that prepares for it the instrumentality to commit crime, as those who claim that criminals –all criminals- are victims of the society, and that it is the society that produces the criminal, and causes him to commit crime!! But the transgression of man against man is old, which crime is greater than aggression against life?

The Messenger was angered with this crime saying: “There would not be a life taken unjustly except that there will a burden of it on the first son of Adam because he was the first person who began killing.” (Ahmad, Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Nasaai, & Ibn Majah )

The Qur’an ended the story thus: () “Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption [done] in the land – it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely. And our messengers had certainly come to them with clear proofs. Then indeed many of them, [even] after that, throughout the land, were transgressors.” (5: 32)
Islam do not permit a Muslim to kill a Muslim: () “And never is it for a believer to kill a believer except by mistake.” (4: 92). The Qur’an dissociates itself in strong terms from the killing of a believer by his believing brother, except where that occurred by mistake without intent, and it provided payment of a compensation and expiation for that: () “and a compensation payment presented to the deceased’s family [is required]” (4:92)
The expiation is freeing of a believing slave. As a man is slain, it strives to give life to another man, the Qur’an describes freeing of a slave as giving life, because being enslaves is equivalent to lower death, and freedom as a new life.

And whoever does not find [one or cannot afford to buy one] – then [instead], a fast for two months consecutively, [seeking] acceptance of repentance from Allah, this is the easy provision at this moment.

Those who kill by mistakes with their vehicles, some of them thinks it is enough for them to pay the diyah (compensation), or that the insurance company pays the compensation and that there is nothing on them after that, No, it is obligatory on him to fast for two consecutive months in seeking acceptance of repentance from Allah. If he breaks the fast after a month or fifty seven days, before the completion of two months, he has to start again, so that he will learn not to make jest with people’s lives.

Some of those who perpetrate this act, perhaps it may not be described as killing by mistake. Examples of such people are the crazily dangerous, who drive on the streets as if they are exhibiting their muscles (strength), these are people who do not walk on the earth in humility with their cars like the attribute of the servants of the Most Merciful. These are people who kill people, and end their lives. I do not think such killing is by mistake, and it is not to be considered from the angle of mistake, rather it is from the angle of aggression, and it imperative to penalized with a different punishment greater than the punishment of killing by mistake.

Why would a believer kill a believer? Is there anything in this world that could necessitate the killing of a Muslim of his Muslim brother? This world do not weigh up to the weight of the wing of a mosquito in the sight of Allah, how then could a human kill his Muslim brother because of it? It is imperative for him to protect him and strive his effort for him, why then would he kill him?

The Qur’an says: () “But whoever kills a believer intentionally – his recompense is Hell, wherein he will abide eternally, and Allah has become angry with him and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment.” (4: 93)

Look at these great punishments: (his recompense is Hell), (wherein he will abide eternally), (Allah has become angry with him), (and has cursed him), (and has prepared for him a great punishment)
The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) says: “The termination of the world is more insignificant before Allah than the killing of a Muslim.” (Nisaai & Tirmidhi).

In another hadith: “If the people in the heaven and the earth conspire to spill the blood of a believer, Allah will throw them into the fire.” (Tirmidhi).

Ibn Majah reported that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) circumambulated round the Ka’bah and he said: “How pleasant is your scent! How great is you honour! By the One in whose hand is my life, the sanctity of (the blood of ) a believer is greater in honour than yours: his wealth, his blood, and that we think of him except good.”

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: “Every Muslim is prohibited for every Muslim: his blood, property, and dignity” (Ahmad & Muslim).

He also said: “The believer is he who people are at peace with him in the wealth and lives.” (Ibn Majah, Ahmad, Ibn Hibaan, & AlHaakim).

How could it be conceived in the mind of a Muslim, after all these clear evidences, to stretch his sin to kill a man without a just reason? In the hadith of Ibn Mas’ud: “The first (thing) that will be decided among people on the Day of Judgment will pertain to bloodshed.” (Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Nasaai and Ibn Majah).

That means that the first thing to be decided before Allah on the day of judgement are concerning bloodshed, lives, this is to show the enormity of this matter.

Some of the companions, and the scholars among the Salaf believe that there is no repentance for the killer due to the enormity of his sin according to a narration fron some of them thus: “A believer will not cease to be in vastness of his religion, as long as he did not slain a forbidden blood.” This means that the evil of his crime will make difficult his life.

Every sin, it is hope that Allah may forgive it except these two sins: the sin of shirk (associating partner with Allah) and dying as an unbeliever, and the killing of a believer without a just cause. In addition to this is accomplice in the killing. Ibn Majah reported that the Prophet (pbuh): “He who assisted in killing a believer with even half a word, will meet Allah written in between his eyes: ‘The despaired from the mercy of Allah.” (Ibn Majah).
Sufyan bn ‘Uyaynah, the narrator of the hadith said: half a word means to say an incomplete word.

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, who says in the text of the verse: ” And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided. And remember the favor of Allah upon you – when you were enemies and He brought your hearts together and you became, by His favor, brothers. And you were on the edge of a pit of the Fire, and He saved you from it.

Thus does Allah make clear to you His verses that you may be guided.” (3: 103). May His peace and blessings be upon Muhammad, family, companions and all believers till the last hour.

Servant of Allah, one of the greatest calamity that befall this nation of Islam, weakening its strength, is that of disunity and segregation. Allah says: “O you who have believed, when you encounter a company [from the enemy forces], stand firm and remember Allah much that you may be successful. And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not dispute and [thus] lose courage and [then] your strength would depart; and be patient. Indeed, Allah is with the patient.” (8: 45-46)

After the fall of the Ottoman empire, the fundamental project of the western Christian colonizing power was to divide the unity of Muslim, and to divide its nation into small nations in order to maintain their hegemony and imposition over her. Especially the Nigerian Muslims are in more need of unity especially at this moment we are preparing for election. When the Christian organisations and denominations, more than 180 organisations wrote letter to the federal government for inclusion into the nation’s election process.

Some of the means to achieve unity:
1- Sound knowledge of the religion
2- Sincerity and sacrificing effort.
3- Sound education and training
4- Cooperation in the areas of our agreement
5- Establishment of dialogue on the fiqh of differences
6- Discarding confusion on Islamic personalities and organizations
7- Implanting spirit of love and brotherhood in individuals and organisations
8- Scholars to stand up to their role in the society.

It is suprising today to see some Muslims claiming some other Muslims are not among the Ahlus-Sunnah wal- Jamaa’ah.

But who are the Ahlus-Sunnah wal- Jamaa’ah? Obviously as in the name, they are those that take hold of the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh) in word and action, and in faith, openly and secretly.

Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”

Stay away from usury

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Narrated Abu Juhaifa: The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade the use of the price of blood and the price of a dog, the one who takes (eats) usury the one who gives usury, the woman who practices tattooing and the woman who gets herself tattooed.
Sahih Al-Bukhari – Book 72 Hadith 829

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Avoid the seven great destructive sins.” They (the people) asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! What are they?” He said, “To join partners in worship with Allah; to practice sorcery; to kill the life which Allah has forbidden except for a just cause (according to Islamic law); to eat up usury (Riba), to eat up the property of an orphan; to give one’s back to the enemy and fleeing from the battlefield at the time of fighting and to accuse chaste women who never even think of anything touching chastity and are good believers.”
Sahih Al-Bukhari – Book 82 Hadith 840

Quran 18… The Cave 1-3

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In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful. [18:1]

All praise belongs to Allah Who has sent down the Book to His servant and has not put therein any crookedness. [18:2]

He has made it a guardian, that it may give warning of a grievous chastisement from Him, and that it may give the believers who do good deeds the glad tidings that they shall have a good reward. [18:3]

 

Forbearance: of the attributes of the servant of the most merciful

In The of Name of Allah, The Beneficient, The Merciful  

Text being the second sermon for the month of Jumadal Ula, 9TH J. ULA/1439AH (26/JAN/2018CE)

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, Who says: (وَعِبَادُ الرَّحْمَنِ الَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ هَوْنًا وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا) “And the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk upon the earth easily, and when the ignorant address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace.” (25:63). We praise Him, thank Him, and we assert our belief in Him, and put in Him our trust. We seek refuge in Him from the evil of our souls, and deeds.

And we bear witness that there is no God but Allah alone, the compassionate, the merciful, the oft-forgiving, and I bear witness that our master Muhammad is His servant and messenger. May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be on him, his household, companions and whoever follow their guidance and footsteps till the day of accountability.

As to what follows:

Dear Muslims, I advise you all and myself to fear Allah, the Almighty in accordance with the words of Allah thus: (يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا (70) يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا) “O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. ( 71 ) He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” (33:70-71)

Dear brothers in faith, this is the second sermon in the month of Jumadal ula, and we shall be discussing- Forbearance, as the second in our list of the attributes of the servants of the Most Merciful.

Dear Muslim brothers, we have been discussing the attributes of the servant of the Most Merciful as mentioned in the latter part of Suratul Furqan, we have elucidated the first quality, which was- (are those who walk upon the earth easily,) ( 25: 63).

Then Allah mentioned the second attribute which is (وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا) (and when the ignorant address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace.) (25: 63)
Their peculiar character with themselves is humility. They are humble, soft, humble, they are not overbearing, nor arrogant. “… none will show humility before Allah except that he is elevated.” (Muslim). Narrated Abu hurairah: “Charity will not decrease of the wealth, and Allah will not increase a servant that overlooks except dignity, …”

And their second attribute is their situation with people, especially with the ignorant ones, (وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا) (and when the ignorant address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace.) (25: 63)
They utter statement that will free them from sins, blame, and bad consequences. They do not respond to evil affront with evil, even if this is their right. Even where they are capable of taking two measures on one, or when they are able of responding two slaps with just one.

However, they do not preoccupy themselves with replying the ignorant and the lowly. (وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا) (and when the ignorant address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace.) (25: 63). They say the truth as it befits their status before Allah, as it fits their status with the hereafter, and as it fits what they stand for in the effort to support the religion and establish the truth on earth. (they say [words of] peace).

They say to them: “Peace be upon you” as Allah has said about a group of believers thus: “And when they hear ill speech, they turn away from it and say, “For us are our deeds, and for you are your deeds. Peace will be upon you; we seek not the ignorant.” ( 28:55)

We have our way, and you have your, and we do not like go out of our way to walk in your way. This is the case of the servants of the Most Merciful. (وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا) (and when the ignorant address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace.) (25: 63). This kind of ignorance is not that ignorance which is the opposite of knowledge, but to a greater extent it is that kind of ignorance which is the opposite of forbearance.

The ignorant may have a high witness, he could be of high status, but he is ignorant in himself, of repugnant character. He may have a strong voice, or he might be a writer in the major newspapers, but he is ignorant and foolish, wagging his tongue and pen to soil dignity of the honorable people.

When these people address the servants of the Most Merciful they respond saying: (peace be upon you), they also say: Peace will be upon you; we seek not the ignorant.” ( 28:55) These are the ignorant as mentioned by one of the poets of the days of ignorance:
Ho one should act ignorantly against us, to make us react beyond the ignorance of the ignorant.
The ignorant, from the perspective of the Qur’an, is everyone who disobeys Allah- the Exalted, everyone whose desire prevails over the truth, everyone whose passion controls the mind.
Prophet Yusuf (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said when the women were to seduce him said about his soul: “… And if You do not avert from me their plan, I might incline toward them and [thus] be of the ignorant.” (12:33)
Prophet Musa, peace be upon him, said when he ordered his people to slaughter a cow: “ … They said, “Do you take us in ridicule?” He said, “I seek refuge in Allah from being among the ignorant.” (2:67).
That is, to mock in situation serious of matter, and to speak with ridicule in truthful matters, this is the case of the ignorant.
As said by the Salaf, the ignorant is everyone who disobeys Allah and everyone with bad moral.
The true servants of Allah do not occupy themselves in a permanent battle with the ignorant.

The entire world is full of ignorant persons, therefore if someone preoccupies himself with them, his life will not be upright, he will not be able to perform his duty, and he will not have rest of mind; he get tired, engage in vanity, therefore they distance themselves from responding to those, even where they have the right to respond bad affront with like terms, but they forgive and forgive and say only the true, surely the vessel with content exudes and sprinkles.

It was said that Prophet Eesa (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) passed by a group of Jews. They spoke evil to him but he said good things to them. And some said: ‘They spoke evil to you but you said good things to them’. And he said to them: “Everyone spends what he has”.

He who has had good spends the good, and those who do not have in their package but evil and filth spends evil and filth, and this is what the Arab poet said in ancient times:
We reign with pardon under our control, but when you reigned, blood flow with impunity.

This is the difference between us; the vessel with content exudes.
when the ignorant address the servants of the Most Merciful harshly they say word of peace. They purified their tongues from being contaminated vain speech. The tongue of the believer is worthy of being filled and connected with the remembrance of Allah, the Exalted by recitation of the Qur’an, praises and glorification.

As for the response to the ignorant, he purify their tongue from him, keen on his time .. so that his age is not lost in this falsehood.

Time is precious, it is like a sword, if you do not cut it, it cuts you, so it is worthy for the servants of the Most Merciful to engage their time with goodness, and to jettison vain talk.

Hence, it was one of the first descriptions of believers: ((1)Certainly will the believers have succeeded: (2) They who are during their prayer humbly submissive, ( 3 ) And they who turn away from ill speech) (23: 1-3)
They purify their tongues, they guard their times and lives, they guard their account of good deeds, their want it to be filled with good deeds, instead of incurring bad deeds.

They want to be among people of honour on the Day of Resurrection. In the hadeeth reported by al-Bayhaqi, Amr ibn Shu’ayb narrated from his father, from his grandfather: “When Allaah brings together the creations, a caller calls out: “Where are the people of honour? And the people gets up, they are few, and they move to the paradise. The angels meet them saying: “We see you in haste to the paradise, who are you? They say: “We are people of honour.” They say: “What is your honour? They say: “When we were wrong, we were patient, and when we were sinned against, we forgave, and when we were ignorantly affronted, we forbear. And it will be said to them : “Enter the Paradise, and excellent is the reward of the [righteous] workers.” (Bayhaqi)
The servants of the Most Merciful Lord want to be among these people of virtue.
There are two ranks: the rank of justice and the rank of virtue or honour.

The rank of justice: To equate evil with its like. And the rank of honour: To be elevated above that, to equate evil with good, as Allah mentioned in the Qur’an thus: “And not equal are the good deed and the bad. Repel [evil] by that [deed] which is better; and thereupon the one whom between you and him is enmity [will become] as though he was a devoted friend.

( 35 ) But none is granted it except those who are patient, and none is granted it except one having a great portion [of good].” (41: 34-35)
If there are two ways: a good way and a better way, take the better way, and by the best means, with good word, beautiful action, and to provide service even to those who offended you: “Repel [evil] by that [deed] which is better; and thereupon the one whom between you and him is enmity [will become] as though he was a devoted friend.”

As he is a devoted friend, this is because man is enslaved by kindness. If you are kind to a person, your kindness makes him attached and closer to you as said thus:
Be kind to people, you enslave their hearts, usually, kindness enslaves a person.

A man came to Abdullah bin Abbas- may Allah be pleased with him and abused and trespassed against him, and Ibn Abbas looked at his grandson IkrIma and said: “O ikrima, see whether the man have a need to take care of for him? Then the man shook his head and went away.

A man attacked Ali Zaynul-Abideen ibn al-Husayn ibn Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, and he had his shirt on and he gave it to him, and ordered he be given a thousand dirhams. This is how the honorable and righteous people engage bad acts with good.

We ask Allaah to guide us in our religion, and to make us among the servants of the Beneficent: ” Who listen to speech and follow the best of it. Those are the ones Allah has guided, and those are people of understanding..” (39:18)

The policy of Islam in fighting poverty

Text been Jumu’ah Khutbah Translation, 27th Rabi-Al-Awwal 1439AH, equivalent to 15th December, 2017, delivered at AL – Noor Masjid, ICICE, Wuse II, Abuja

All praise is due to Allah. I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship but Him and prophet Muhammad is His final emissary.

Fear Allah servants of Allah.

Few months back the discussion was on the FGN intervention for fighting poverty and the effort being done to make them devoid of elements (Riba, interest etc.) that make them not applicable or accessible by Muslims. I understand that lot of efforts are being put in to make that a reality. There is need commend and encourage all those who are sparing no effort to achieve that aim. May Allah reward them in abundance.

The discussion today is on the strategies put up by Islam to fight poverty. The strategies are theoretical and practical. Theoretical by shaping the mindset to abhor poverty. Muslims are enjoined to seek refuge in Allah from poverty. Prophet Muhammad used to say: “O Allah I ask You guidance, piety, chastity and final independence.” Muslim: 4898. He also says: “O Allah I ask you useful knowledge, good provision and good and acceptable deed.” Bukhari: 5859.

Practical by:
1. Compelling members of society to be productive.

2. Awareness and orientation. 3. Social responsibility.

The Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI) of the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) issued a research paper last month (Safar 1439, November 2017) titled: Islamic Finance Tools and Mechanisms to Alleviate Poverty.

The research contained horrible statistics about number of people deprived of food, clean water, shelter and education as well the gap between poor and rich people is getting wider on an unprecedented scale.

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The research states that Islam cured poverty from two dimensions: 1. Productivity: through economic development. Qur’an 67: 15.

2. Redistribution: through institution of Zakah among others. The tools and mechanisms proposed by the research are:

1. Zakah: (Compulsory alms giving) The research estimates annual Zakah due on wealth owned by Muslims worldwide is about: $137.5b.

It also mentioned that the World Bank have started considering studying Zakah and other poverty fighting instruments of Islam in order to put strategies for fighting poverty worldwide as stated by John Martin Page, Jr, Director, Poverty Reduction and Senior Advisor, Development Policy, 2000-2004.

2. Waqf (Enwoment Fund)
3. Sadaqah (Voluntry alms giving)
4.Al-Qard Al-Hasan: (Good Loan.) Examples are Al-Birr

Cooperative of Makkah who gives loan to the needy since 1419 H.

Another example is Akhwat of Pakistan, established in 2001.
5. Fighting extravagancy, food waste (especially in Ramadhan),

financial mismanagement

Vision 1440H/2020CE of the Islamic Development Bank focusses on Zakah and Waqf for reduction of poverty. Both institutions if well explored and harnessed could serve as social and national safety network. Microfinance is no less important.

Ambode urges Muslims to pray for national progress during Eid-el-Maulud

By Abolaji Adebayo

The Lagos State Governor, Akinwunmi Ambode, has urged the Muslims across the nation to continue to offer prayers for greater peace, unity and continuous progress of Nigeria as they celebrate Eid-el-Maulud on Friday.

The governor, in a statement by his Chief Press Secretary, Habib Aruna, particularly enjoined Muslims to follow the exemplary leadership of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) by promoting peaceful co-existence and uphold his legacies of unity, integrity and love for their neighbours.

While imploring Nigerians to shun ethnic, political and religious differences and work towards building a safer and better Nigeria, Ambode said that the celebration of the birth of the Prophet should renew the faith and bond of unity as one people and one nation irrespective of diversity.

“I want to seize this occasion to urge all Nigerians to commit themselves to making a greater effort to imbibe these qualities and values as they celebrate the Prophet’s birth.

“Let me therefore on behalf of all the good people of Lagos State wish our Muslim brothers and sisters a happy Eid-El-Maulud celebration,” he said.

Hijab: Open letter to Lagos governor, Akinwunmi Ambode,

By Mutiat Orolu-Balogun

We write to draw your attention to the continuous harassment of Muslim girls in many secondary schools across Lagos State. As Your Excellency has shown commitment to uphold the human right of every Lagosian and, indeed, every Nigerian as guaranteed under the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (as amended).

The Court of Appeal in a Judgment delivered by a full Constitutional Panel (coram A. B Gumel, M Fasanmi, A. Jauro, J. S Ikeygh, and C .I. Jumbo- Ofo, JJCA) in the Lagos Division of the Court on 21st July, 2016 upheld unequivocally, absolutely and without qualifications, declared the rights of willing Muslim female students in secondary schools to use the Hijab on their School Uniform and forbade the victimization and abuse of children due the use of the Hijab, and perpetually restrained the officials of the State from further discrimination based on the use of the Hijab.

It is disturbing that this ABUSE, STIGMATIZATION, VICTIMATION and, in many cases, the PUNISHMENT of our children who choose to live within their God-given and Constitutional rights happen daily in schools across Lagos State. Even sometimes, extending to higher institutions. This harassment is usually carried out by teachers, Principals, Inspectors and in some cases Tutor-Generals; who are meant to stand in Loco Parentis for our children.

To reiterate our point, we will mention a few cases: In September 2017, a student of Jakande Estate Comprehensive College, Abesan, Lagos was slapped and punished by one Mrs. Toke Olatunji and another Mrs Ola Olohun; her Government and English Teachers because she wore her Hijab with her school uniform.

On Friday, 22nd September, 2017, Mrs O. O. Dada, a.k.a. ‘Aya Dada’; the Yoruba Teacher, who is notorious for calling the Hijab ‘Akisa’ (rags in the Yoruba language), met two students on their way home after the Friday prayers outside the school, asked them to remove their Hijab and dropped them in the gutter! She also slapped one of them for failing to comply with her instruction.

On the 15th of November, 2017, in Ilogbo High school, Otto Awori, Ijaniki Lagos, Mrs Onkwocha; Mrs Oladipupo-George  and Mrs Akinbolade, with impunity, went round the school to remove Hijab from students whom, prior to this time have been peacefully wearing their Hijabs.

Ogunyemi; wife to Honourable Ogunyemi; Chairman, House Committee on Education, Lagos State House of Assembly who was hitherto a class teacher and recently moved to the Inspectorate, has turned herself into a self-acclaimed Task Force who goes around classes to personally remove Hijab from students anytime she comes around for inspection in any of the schools and, specifically, giving instruction to teachers to do the same. She does this with the brazen audacity that her husband is in charge and no law can challenge her authority.

Adewunmi, a Primary Six teacher at Sabo-Oniba Nursery and Primary School 2, Ajangbadi-Sabo, Ojo Lagos has also made it a duty to remove and flog any child wearing the Hijab.

Some Teachers and Principals of the following Lagos State Secondary Schools: Iba Housing Estate School, Iba, Lagos; Jakande Estate Comprehesive College Abesan, Lagos; Kadara Grammar School, Ebute-Meta, Lagos and St. George Primary School, Epe, Lagos, to mention a few, have equally taken the Laws into their hands by beating, harassing and humiliating female students who wear the Hijab in compliance with their religious Faith and in compliance with the Judgment of the Court.

There are several other cases which time and space will not permit to be cited here. It is no doubt that while this Government is working hard to make Lagos State a Mega City; where peace, unity, mutual trust and respect thrives, the harassment and victimization of a section of society; especially children, is antithetical to this Vision. The narrative that: ‘If you want your children in Hijab, let them attend Muslim schools.’ does us all no good; it only breeds a more fractured and segmented society.

It becomes more disturbing with the uncontested fact that the Muslims in Lagos are the bulk of the taxpayers, have the highest number of votes at elections, yet there will be attempts by officials of the State to deny them their right to attend Government schools.

The education of the Girl-child is paramount in our hearts. To tell a Muslim girl to choose between her Faith and education should not even be a question she has to answer. Never! She definitely has a right to both as they are not mutually exclusive rights!

We at Hijab Rights Advocacy Initiative volunteer to assist in educating and sensitizing everyone in this regard, as well as help to design  School Uniforms and Sports Wears that will incorporate the use of the Hijab, as expected of any Muslim female who has attained the age of puberty and chooses to if need be.

We ask you to look into this matter urgently and, for the avoidance of doubt, restate your Government’s commitment to the Rule of Law by addressing this issue as quickly as possible in favour of Human Rights and the Girl-child.

Mutiat Orolu-Balogun is Executive Director of Hijab Rights Advocacy Initiative

My first trip to Makkah

By Melissa Lucas

In 2013, I was a member of Hadith of The Day and the online platform  shared a hadith about mothers and there was also a competition to enter.

HOTD was donating Umrah flights and accommodation to 5 people who had limited funds to take their mothers along with them to do the Umrah Pilgrimage. You had to write why you thought you should win. When I saw it I thought of my mum.

She was an Australian revert and in her 50’s that had never been to see the house of Allah. I was a new revert that had never been as well and was having a hard time in life and needed an iman boost. I told my mother about it and she convinced me to enter the competition. I didnt think I would ever win the competition but to my amazement I did.

My mother and I were going to spend 5 days in Mecca and 5 days in Medina and I was so thrilled. The best part was telling my mother. We were on a high all day. I took my brother along too, being our mahram. The flight was long and hard but once we got there, that was all forgotten.

First we went to Medina. The place was nothing like I had ever seen before. No greenery was there like Australia but Medina had a sense of tranquility and I was in absolute awe.fb_img_1466590807759 The prophet Muhammed SAW masjid was just divine.

A place I would never forget. I loved spending time there in worship and just reflecting and taking in my surroundings. My mother and I were able to enter the rawdah and it was such a memorable experience.

The shopping was also a lovely experience and I enjoyed connecting with my mother there. Everything about the trip was wonderful. Once we arrived in Mecca, we completed our Umrah at night. It wasnt easy to do as I remember my feet getting sore after a few hours it took to complete the pilgrimage.

fb_img_1466590936221I loved every minute of it though and just reflecting on this now, I remember the feeling being amongst all my brothers and sisters in Islam making dua after dua to Allah SWT.

It was an amazing experience. I must say one of duas was asking for a husband and not only that, a specific person I had in mind if he were to be my husband. When I went back home, life went back to normal and I had the wonderful memories and my connection with Allah was more closer than ever.

A few months later I got a proposal from the same man I made dua to Allah swt to grant me a husband. It was amazing. When you truelly make dua and try your best, Allah does listen and if he wills, he grants your duas true. Alhumdulillah.

I am now a happily married woman of almost 2 years and I look forward to returning to the house of Allah for my Hajj pilgrimage with my husband and daughter in the future, InshaAllah.

I want to thank HOTD for their generosity and also to the donor who made the journey possible for my family and I. Truly the blessings come from Allah SWT and may Allah SWT grant us all Jannatul Firdous Ameen Allahumma Ameen.

 

Surah Al-Kahf: 110… God is one

Prepared by FridayWorship

Say (O Muhammad ): “I am only a man like you. It has been inspired to me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God i.e. Allah). So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.”

Quran 18:110