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Attributes of The Servant of The Most Merciful (9): Avoiding killing

 In The Name of Allah of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful,

Text Being Fifth Sermon For The Month of Jumadal Ula, 21th J. Thaniyyah /1439AH (16th Match, 2018) delivered by The Muslim Congress (TMC).

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, Who says: (وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَزْنُونَ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا (68) يُضَاعَفْ لَهُ الْعَذَابُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَيَخْلُدْ فِيهِ مُهَانًا (69) إِلَّا مَنْ تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا فَأُولَئِكَ يُبَدِّلُ اللَّهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ حَسَنَاتٍ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا (70) وَمَنْ تَابَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَإِنَّهُ يَتُوبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَتَابًا ﴾) “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, nor commit fornication; – and any that does this (not only) meets punishment. (But) the Penalty on the Day of Judgment will be doubled to him, and he will dwell therein in ignominy,- Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allah will change the evil of such persons into good, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful,” (25:68-70). We praise Him, thank Him, we assert our belief in Him, and put in Him our trust. We seek refuge in Him from the evil of our souls, and deeds. And we bear witness that there is no God but Allah alone, the compassionate, the merciful, the oft-forgiving, and I bear witness that our master Muhammad is His servant and messenger. May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be on him, his household, companions and whoever follow their guidance and footsteps till the day of accountability.

As to what follows:

Dear Muslims, I advise you all and myself to fear Allah, in the open and secret, because that is the objective of all acts of obedience and commands and prohibitions. Allah, the exalted says thus:
(يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا (70) يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا) “O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. ( 71 ) He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” (33:63).

Dear faithful, this is the fourth sermon in the month of Jumadal thaniyyah, and we are continuing our discussion on the Attributes of the Servant of the Most Merciful, taking the ninth attribute which is “Sincere repentance” as elucidated in Suratul Furqan having discussed; humility, forbearance, Qiyaamul-layl (Standing for prayers at night), being fearful of the fire, Moderation in spending, upholding Tawheed, Avoiding killing and protecting life and Avoiding Zina.

Dear Muslim brothers and sisters, we are still within the vastness of the Qur’an with the servants of the Most Merciful whom Allah is pleased with and are pleased with Him in Suratul-Furqaan.
They are a set of people who do not get involved in the major sins of shirk of calling on other than Allah, murder, or zina. “Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, nor commit fornication; – and any that does this (not only) meets punishment. (But) the Penalty on the Day of Judgment will be doubled to him, and he will dwell therein in ignominy.” These are major sins which punishment are doubled chastisement and perpetually repeating. This punishment is not like that of this world, not for a day or two, nor a month nor a year, rather it is forever. In addition to the accompanying humiliation in the fire, (and he will dwell therein in ignominy,), regardless of his status in life, and before men, he will be humiliated before Allah.
This is the case for he who commit any of those sins, however, is the door of opportunity closed against them? Would there be for them the chance to access mercy and pardon? Really Allah made some exception as He says: “Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allah will change the evil of such persons into good, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful,”. Thus Allah opened to them the door of repentance, this is the way of compassion of Allah with his servants. Allah knows their weakness, the domineering influence of their desire, the whisper of Shaytan and that man was created weak; many a time he gets incited into evil and sins, he could slip off his balance thus following the devil, therefore, Allah recognizes all that and He opened the door of repentance to His servants. He, Allah created them like that because He loves to accept repentance of His servants, His name is “Accepter of repentance”. “For Allah loves those Who turn to Him constantly And He loves those Who keep themselves pure and clean.” His name is “The Oft-forgiving” thus it is of His nature to forgive, and His name is “The Pardoner” thus it is of His nature to pardon. Thus, Allah did not make them as angel, but humans with wishes and desires, which could cause them to sin and seek forgiveness and Allah forgives them. In the hadith: “I swear by Him in whose hand is my soul, if you do not sin, Allah will take you away and bring a people who will be sinning, but will seek forgiveness and He will forgive them.” (Muslim and others)
Repentance cleanse the sins like water cleanses dirts, and he who repents from shirk, Allah accepts his repentance. “Say to the Unbelievers, if (now) they desist (from Unbelief), their past would be forgiven them; but if they persist, the punishment of those before them is already (a matter of warning for them).” (8:38) Islam cleanses what sins came before it, and repentance cleanses what came before it.
Some companions differ on the acceptance of repentance of the one who killed a soul, because the it affects rights of three: rights of the slain person; rights of the relative of the slain person; and the rights of Allah. They say when the killer repents, Allah pardons him and drops His right, and the relatives pardons and drop their right through resolution or receipt of blood money, then there remains the right of the slain. But the correct view is that when he does a sincere repentance, and the relatives of the slain pardon him, Allah will accept it by making the slain pleased with him on the day of resurrection. Repentance covers all sin; as Allah mentions Shirk, murder, and fornication, he says: “Unless he repents…” covering all the three sins.

What is acceptable repentance?
The sincere repentance is that which is free from deceit, that is a repentance that is not fraud, not like the repentance of liars, who claim to repent with their tongues but their hearts are bent on sins. The pillars of acceptable repentance are the following:

First: Regretful: Anas and some of the companions of the Prophet-pbuh were asked: “Did the Prophet say: ‘Regret is repentance? He said: ‘Yes’. This means it is the greatest of the pillars of repentance, as it he said: “The hajj is ‘Arafat” (Ahmad, Ibn hibban, Hakim, Darqutni, and Bayhaqi). Regret is to be sorrowful and saddened, the grief that consumes the heart, internally when he remembers he sinned against Allah, he is not at peace, he could not sleep, engulfing his day and night. It is a feeling of deficiency before Allah, he realizes his sins against Allah, and the kindness of Allah towards him. In an alqudsi hadith: “I and the Jinns and men are in a great reality; I created (them) but they worship other than Me, I provide for (them) but they thank other than Me.” (Hakim, Tirmidhi, Bayhaqi). “My favour to the servants descends, but their evil ascend, I engulf them with My favour, for I am free of all needs from them, they instigate My anger with sins, but they are greatest in need before Me.”
Whoever intends repentance should remember the favours of Allah, then his sins against Allah, that produces a feel of regret, which dissolves in the heart, like the salt dissolves in water. Allah describes the psychological feeling of those who repent is suratul taubah thus: (﴿ وَعَلَى الثَّلَاثَةِ الَّذِينَ خُلِّفُوا حَتَّى إِذَا ضَاقَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الْأَرْضُ بِمَا رَحُبَتْ وَضَاقَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ أَنْفُسُهُمْ وَظَنُّوا أَنْ لَا مَلْجَأَ مِنَ اللَّهِ إِلَّا إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ تَابَ عَلَيْهِمْ لِيَتُوبُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ ﴾ [التّوبة : 9/ 118]) “(He turned in mercy also) to the three who were left behind; (they felt guilty) to such a degree that the earth seemed constrained to them, for all its spaciousness, and their (very) souls seemed straitened to them,- and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah (and no refuge) but to Himself. Then He turned to them, that they might repent: for Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.” (9:118)

Check the statement: “the earth seemed constrained to them, for all its spaciousness,” the earth seemed constrained to them despite its vastness, their souls closed up against them, “and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah (and no refuge) but to Himself.”. This is the feeling of the repenting one and the meaning of regret.

The second: A strong resolve not to return to the sin: There is no repentance except with this determination. But if he repents but still stays in between, tilting towards the sin, his mind still attached to the sin, and still thinks about it, then this is no repentance. It is imperative to be firmly decisive, at the time of repenting, not to return to sin, as it is impossible for the extracted milk to return to the teat. After that, he could be weak, he could be tempted by his desire, he could be overpowered by Shaytan, because the struggle between good and bad is unending, but the important thing is to be determined at the time of repentance not to return back to the sin.

The third: To withdraw practically from his sin: Repentance is the withdraw from sin to obedience, from evil to good, from the path of shaytaan to the path of Allah. It is imperative to change his ways, … change his companions, … replace a place with another, … replace persons with persons, as demonstrated in the hadith of the man who killed 100 persons, … and was advised to leave his community where evil reigns to a place where there are good people who worship Allah … The prophet – pbuh said: “And follow evil deed with good one to obliterate it.”
When all these conditions are complete then the repentance becomes acceptable.

IMPORTANT CONDITION
There is an important condition for repentance, if it is between a person and his Lord, the matter is simple, Allah will accept it without doubt, however the challenge is where there is a right between you and other people, particularly monetary rights, like debts. If you embezzle their money, or steal, or defraud them in trade, or you consume a property in your trust, then you must return it. Scholars say, you must return it and return its accrued profits. For instance, if you have One million naira, and it stays with you for ten years with profits. The mandatory thing for you is to return the principal amount and the accrued profit to the owner, because if it were to be with the owner it would have grown. It is reported in a sound hadith: “The matyr will be forgiven all sins except debt.” (Muslim). Whoever repents sincerely must return the rights to their owners, if the owners are late, then he should return to their heirs, if the heirs are late, he should return to the heirs of their heir.

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SECOND KHUTBAH
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, May His peace and blessings be upon Muhammad, family, companions and all believers till the last hour.
Dear faithful, we commence discussion on understanding Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah which we promised to be dosed in bits weekly, and today we shall discuss as follow:
Names of Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah: they are described with some nicknames ahich were derived from the hadith of the Prophet-pbuh, these include:
1- The saved sect (Al-firqah An-najiyah): the title was derived from the hadith of Abdullah bn ‘Amr bn Al-‘aas: he said: the messenger of Allah says: “Verily, it come upon my Ummah what came upon the children of Israel in the extent of a feet to feet, to the extent that if anyone of them copulate his mother in the open, there will be among my Ummah someone who will do that. Verily the children of Israel are divided into seventy-two sects, and my Ummah is divided into seventy-three sects, all of them will be in fire, except one sect. They say: Who will that be O messenger of Allah? He said: “(Those who are) on what I stand upon, and my companions.” (Tirmidhi, )
2- The victorious group (Al-toifah al-monsurah): this also ased on the hadith: “A group among my Ummah will not seize to be victorious in fighting for the truth till the day of resurrection.” (Muslim)
3- The righteous predecessors (As-salaf as-solih): The prophet- pbuh says: “The best of centuries is my century, then those after it,..” (Bukhari & Muslim)
Oh Allah descend peace; flowing with continuous tranquility and security upon Nigeria and all other Muslim nations. O Allah accept the worship of the pilgrims of hajj and Umrah, and grant us all Your pleasure, And the last of our call will be, “Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”

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